Sat. Nov 27th, 2021


Like dust Have settled in Glasgow and the diplomats have returned to their respective regions of the world. COP26, the long-awaited UN climate conference in Scotland, ended on Saturday with all countries agreeing to the Glasgow Climate Agreement.

Despite a Last-minute dramatic pressure from India and China About 200 countries have signed treaties, ranging from “phase-out” to “phase-out” of uncontrolled coal. However, this was not the only outcome of the two-week conference, where new national commitments and collective commitments, as well as agreements on the remainder of the Paris “rulebook”, were seen as determining how the 2015 Paris Agreement works. In preparation. Here are the six most important numbers to remember.

2022

Boris Johnson, UK’s role as host of the summit, “Surviving 1.5 Centigrade” A feature COP26, just set out What does this mean in a world that is currently moving towards 2.4 degrees Celsius?, Or even 2.7 সেল C, fairly elusive.

Early in COP26, countries began discussing the idea of ​​returning to the table in 2022 with better commitments – the consensus around which was one of the main outcomes of the talks. The final text states that “the 2030 goals should be revisited and strengthened” as the countries need to align themselves with the Paris Agreement temperature targets by the end of 2022.

“While this is far from a perfect text, we have taken significant steps in our efforts to save 1.5,” said Milagros de Camps, Deputy Environment Minister of the Dominican Republic, a member of the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS). , Saturday COP26’s Closing Complete.

However, some countries have already claimed that returning to the table next year does not apply to them, including with major emitters. Australia And United States. So we can expect a lot of push from activists in the next 12 months so that this can happen.

2 million ($ 2.7 million) for climate damage and loss

A significant development in COP26 was Scotland’s pledge to provide £ 2 million ($ 2.7 million) to countries at risk for damage and loss due to the climate crisis. No developed country has ever offered such money before, so even if the amount in the offer is small in terms of actual cash, it is politically significant.

Damage and erosion refers to the damage caused by climate change that can no longer be easily adapted, such as islands lost due to climate change due to drought or rising sea level. The Paris Agreement recognized this as a problem, but the rich countries were very reluctant to pay for it. Including COP26.

So Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgens Comments last week That “prosperous developed industrialized nations that have been responsible for climate change … they have a responsibility to take action, to recognize it and to deal with it” was an amazing development. His use of the words “revenge” and “debt” is also significant in this context, given the widespread resistance of many developed countries, especially the United States, to the use of such language.

$ 40 billion

In 2009, developed countries pledged সরবরাহ 100 billion a year in climate financing to developing countries by 2020 to help them move into a green economy, as well as tackle the effects of climate change, known as adaptation.

The Paris Agreement promises a “balance” of climate funding for mitigation and adaptation, but In 2019 went about $ 50 billion mitigation versus only $ 20 billion adaptation. The original $ 100 billion is committed by 2020 Also of course missed, A source of huge excitement at this year’s talks.





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