Derek Chauvin, a former Minneapolis police officer, was handcuffed and lying on his deathbed on the street when he knelt on George Floyd’s neck, apparently using excessive force.
Caught Video by a bystanderThe image of Chauvin’s failure to get up from Floyd for more than nine minutes sparked widespread protests against police brutality and calls for reform in the United States and various cities around the world.
Now, almost a year later, as the Chauvin murder and homicide trial continues, lawyers say there has been some gain in improving police accountability since 2009. Black Live Matter MovementLarger, structural reforms, however, were elusive.
“There are a lot of misconceptions. For example, many people think that neck restraints were already banned, “said Derry McKesson, co-founder and founder of Campaign Zero, an organization advocating for police reform.
“The push around the police department’s budget hasn’t really done as much as people thought,” McKesson told Al Jazeera.
And, when “state-level power usage rules change and city levels seem unprecedented … we know, that’s not enough alone”.
According to data collected by Campaign Zero, the year 2020 was still the deadliest with 1,127 people killed by police and 2021 is still going to match 238, according to data collected by Campaign Zero. Black people still remain Probably targeted Police are responsible for 27 percent of the killings, while they make up only 13 percent of the population.
Police shot and killed Black people in the Minneapolis suburbs During a traffic stop on Sunday, new protests erupted and the state of Minnesota was persuaded to gather the National Guard. The police chief released the body cam video within twenty-four hours and called the shooting an accident.
The ‘transformational’ principle changes elusive
Jack Grumbach, a professor of political science at the University of Washington, says he has “studied state-level policy and racist politics.” The debate has really changed, but not much progress has been made on policy.
“There are some signs of a policy movement, but I will identify it as a real transformation,” Grumach told Al Jazeera.
Last week, the state of Kentucky became the third state in the United States to enact a law Limiting police operations to “knock knock” That kind of killed Brecona Taylor Last year in the city of Louisville and in the city of Baltimore, Maryland, the Baltimore Police Department passed a law returning control, a move that appears to be leading to community-based reform.
However, the National Police Reform Act In the US Congress The U.S. House of Representatives, led by a stagnant democracy, has twice passed a law entitled “Policing Law George Floyd Justice.” Senate Republicans have blocked it.
The congressional Black Caucus was drafted after Floyd’s death, and the bill would be banned. Chocoholds like killing Eric Garner In 2014 in New York City.
U.S. law will impose multiple reforms and accountability on federal law enforcement, and will fund future U.S. state and local agencies in adopting the same policy.
According to data collected by Campaign Zero, since the protests last year, new policies have been adopted against chocoholds, strongholds and pressure locations in 46 of the 100 largest cities in the United States, according to data collected by Campaign Zero. Another 13 cities are reviewing their policies and 227 have already banned them.
Major reforms such as the transfer of funds from the police to financial services – a move caught up in the popular protest slogan ‘Insult to police’ – It was difficult to apply.
Austin, the capital of the state of Texas, was the first major U.S. city to attempt major structural reforms by moving services 150m, or one-third of its police budget, to social services and alternative public safety programs.
But Republican Gov. Greg Abbott of Texas has rallied Republican support in the Texas legislature to prevent Austin from cutting the budget.
Republican politicians in Georgia, Missouri, Florida and other states in the Republic of Iowa are taking similar steps to prevent their cities from spending police money.
Campaign Zero is working with Maryland, Louisiana, and Oregon to include “law enforcement officers ” Bill of Rights ” in law enforcement – rules that may limit liability for murder and other wrongdoing.
The group is working with 50 cities and states to help them think about how to ban ‘no-no’ campaigns like the one they killed. Louisville, Tenter, Kentucky, “In a way that would simply stop the practice as opposed to lip service,” McKesson said.
Taylor, an unarmed black man, was shot dead by police while serving a drug warrant at his home. Police fell into bed and he was killed in the hallway of his own apartment.
A major obstacle for leaders is to strengthen the accountability of the police unions that use deadly police force. In Minneapolis, Police Department The agreement has moved away from compromise In last year’s protests.
In Washington, D.C., the city council passed a new law banning negotiations with local police unions in a disciplined manner. City officials say it would be easier to dismiss officers for misconduct but the DC Police Union has filed a lawsuit in federal court to prevent the rule change.
In August, union chairman Greg Pemberton accused city leaders of responding to reform demands by discriminating against the union’s 300,000 rank and file police officers.
“Councilors and mayors … have made it clear that the current climate prevents them from working in a rational and logical manner, rather than the need to legislate explicitly to protect their own political survival,” Pemberton said, warning many DC police that they would seek employment elsewhere. Will find. Results.
The average dropout rate from the DC force has risen from 20 to 30 per month, Pemberton told the DC Council in December.
When a federal court upholds DC law, it is an external one nationally. McKesson said the argument by union and police officials that changing rules to prevent police violence would undermine public safety is effective.
“The police don’t really care about the protests,” he added. “They only resisted the protests, but they are ready and prepared when we are in this room and many legislators are afraid to agree with the police.”
In the Minneapolis murder trial, the Minnesota Police Association is paying for its defense attorney, Eric Nelson, who argued. He used to hold the neck On Floyd was a part of what he trained to do.
During the jury election, Nelson screened potential jurors to see if they agreed with the slogan “insult the police.”
“The police department is now such a powerful cartel that politicians really have a hard time doing anything,” Grumbach said.
The ongoing debate over changes to policing will be a major dynamic in U.S. politics ahead of the 2022 election, Grumach predicted.