A team Egyptian archaeologists have described it as an industrial royal metropolis just north of modern-day Luxor, which once included the ancient Egyptian city of Thebes (aka Wasset). The Archaeological The site has been dubbed the “Lost Gold City of Luxor” and they believe it could be dedicated to producing decorative art, furniture and pottery, among other items.
Hieroglyphic inscriptions found on the earthen caps of wine pots at the site indicate the city dates back to the reign of Pharaoh Amenhotep III of the 16th dynasty (13-1333 BC), whose generally peaceful period was marked by a particularly prosperous era, at the top of Egypt. Its international power. (The clay bricks on the site were also marked with cartridges of Amenhotep III.) There are more statues of Amenhotep III than of any other pharaoh. He was buried in the Valley of the Kings and his mummy was found in 189. The analysis found that Amenhotep III died between the ages of 40 and 50, and probably in later years he suffered from a variety of illnesses (especially arthritis, obesity, and painful abscesses in his teeth).
Pharaoh’s eldest son and heir, Thutmos, died young, so the throne passed to his second son, Amenhotep IV, who soon changed his name to Achinet. (His queen, Nefertiti, and his son, who would eventually take the throne, was the famous boy-king, Tutankhamun.) Religion. He worshiped Aten instead (hence the name change) and will eventually try to completely suppress the worship of Amun.
Akhenaten removed the capital from the city of Thebes, and in the place between Thebes and Memphis now established a new capital in place of the city of Amarna. Is he a visionary revolutionary or anti-religious, insane fanatic? Probably none – some ians have historically argued that the removal of the capital by the new pharaoh could be a political ploy to cut the throats of Amun priests about Egyptian culture and society. At any rate, Tutankhamun brought the capital to Memphis and ordered the construction of more temples and shrines in Thebes once the Achaemenid rebellion was ended and he ascended the throne.
The discovery of this new site may or may not shed more light on Thebes and Akhenten’s decision to leave this newly discovered manufacturing facility nearby – but it is hailed as an extraordinary discovery. “There is no doubt about it; it is truly an unprecedented find,” said Salima Ikram, a leading archaeologist at the American University in Cairo’s Misrology Unit. Says National Geographic. “It’s a snapshot in time. It’s an Egyptian version of Pompeii. I don’t think you can handle it.
Archaeologist Zahi House, leading the Egyptian team, Shared the official announcement in a Facebook post. The party began searching for the idol temple of Tutankhamun, as the last two pharaohs of the eighteenth dynasty, the temples of Horemehb and I, were found in the same common area. Archaeologists chose the area sandwiched between a temple of Ramesses III in Medinat Habu and a temple of Amenhotep III in Memnon. Within weeks of starting excavations last September, House and his team were on a rampage in search of making clay bricks: a rare element in ancient Egyptian architecture, zigzagging a wall about nine feet high.
The team found numerous specimens: rings, scarves, pottery vessels, the ruins of several thousand statues, and a large number of tools, probably used for spinning or weaving and molding. To the south of the site was a bakery and food preparation area (including ovens and pottery for storage) large enough to serve a well-sized working force. There was a production field for clay bricks and it is displayed as the area of administration. An excavated area contains the skeleton of a cow or bull, while a human skeleton was found in a strange position: arms outstretched down to its sides, with the remains of a rope around its knees.