Sat. Jan 22nd, 2022


A human skeleton is now lying in the rubble of a settlement in Turkey.

3,600-year-old tsunami victim remains.
Pictures: Vasif Shahoglu

A team of archaeologists and geologists has found the victims of an ancient tsunami off the coast of Turkey. The prey একটি a human male and a dog, now only skeleton সম্ভাব was possible Killed after a huge volcanic eruption 3,600 years ago.

The island’s Thera volcano erupted Santorini, Which occurred in 1620 BC. The eruption was so violent that much of Santorini was wiped out; Of sliver The island that remains is Now a popular tourist destination. The epicenter was reported below the Pacific Ocean floor, however; no tsunami alert was issued. The epicenter was reported below the ground, however; no tsunami alert was issued.

No wonder it is cited as an event Possible origin Atlantis mythology or the Egyptian plague is discussed bThe victims were ible, like the recently discovered ones in Turkey. The team had a recent discovery Report In the proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences this week.

Two skeletons have been found in Çeşme-Bağlararası, a settlement on the Turkish coast that was occupied from the middle of the third millennium BC to the 13th century BC, according to the paper. Archaeologists have previously found evidence of the Bronze Age at this site. But Recently, Ash and Tefra-Emissions from volcanic eruptions-Has been launched At the site. Researchers were able to return the element of the Turkish volcano to the Santorini eruption.

“The effects of this eruption, and the tsunamis it created, were much stronger, and reached far more areas than previously thought,” said research co-author Beverly Goodman, a marine archaeologist at the University of Haifa in Israel, and marine archaeologist Vasif Shahoglu. University of Ankara, Turkey, Wrote In a joint Email “Çeşme-Bağlararası is the northernmost site where tsunami deposits have been investigated so far, and it is unique in that it is a site of very clear cultural and commercial maritime communication with Minoan World.”

But in addition to the volcanic elements at the site, the team also found evidence that the ocean has been inspected internally. In addition to human and dog remains at the site, researchers have found shells and urchins. They found a structure with a wall that collapsed on the inside; It turns out that a dark, silty sediment washed into the wall, causing it to explode.

Materials were seen entering the site from one side, the team concluded that it was not the result of an earthquake. The research team is not sure whether the human-healthy young man, probably a teenager, died of drowning, blunt force injuries or even suffocation under the rubble of the tsunami. But they are actively investigating that question.

An aerial image of an archeological site, surrounded by modern buildings.

The site of Çeşme-Bağlararası, which was hit by a tsunami during the Thera eruption.
Pictures: Vasif Shahoglu

The team will set the date for the skeleton next month; If they are on the same date as the Thera eruption, human and dog remains could be the victims of catastrophic events that have yet to be discovered. (One Others There were skeletons Archaeological excavations are reported to have taken place in 1886 on the western island of Theresia in Santorini.

“This study – we think – will be an eye-opener especially for scientists working in the Aegean. For decades the primary focus of research on the Theran volcanoes has been on the dating issue or impact and the nature of the eruption, ash distribution, tsunamis.” Dr. Goodman and Shahoglu.

“However, only a few sites have reported tsunami deposits, and none of them have affected people. This lack of human prey is a mystery that leaves a gap of real knowledge about the human experience associated with the event, “they added.

Although the most useful elements of the new work are the nine new radiocarbon eras taken from various materials on the site. The date of the Thera eruption is still being contested; Some think there was an explosion Around 1530 BC (A decade or so) Or Around 1620 BC. Last year, A team of dendrochronologists set the date of the eruption in 1560 BC, based on a wooden tree ring used in an ancient Phrygian tomb. Dates from the Çeşme-Bağlararası indicate that the deposits may not be older than 1612 BC, although, however, the dates of the Thera eruption are potentially more limited.

But the age of the skeleton will be helpful as well as determining whether they were actually victims of the Thera incident. Radiocarbon dating can make it difficult to accurately determine marine content, so some researchers use different methods to date tsunamis. One team used optically stimulated luminescence technology Last year To find out when the Paleosunami hit the Levantine coast.

More interesting information will surely come out of Çeşme-Bağlararası and the person মানুষ both man and dog-who died there. And perhaps even more northern sites showing the extent of Thera’s damage will come over time.

Further: Which volcanoes are most stable for eruption?



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