Over the past several weeks, images have emerged US facilities filled by children Who arrived in Mexico alone and on the country’s southern border in search of protection.
The scenes put pressure on the Joe Biden administration, which had Management of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Respond and approve the use of military bases and other temporary facilities for their stay as military bases and essential juvenile cases are pending.
But Biden and other U.S. government officials also told reporters that exceptions have been made for unmarried children – who number in the thousands in the United States. The US-Mexico border is otherwise closed.
Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Majorcas “The message is very clear: don’t come.” Dr. In an ABC News interview last month. “The border is closed. The border is secure. We are expelling the family. We are expelling single adults. ”
Only in February did U.S. authorities send more than that 72,000 people Crossing the southern border.
To do this, the Biden administration is using the first public health policy during the last former President Donald Trump’s COVID-19 epidemic, under which U.S. borders have been effectively sealed for most immigrants and asylum seekers.
Here, in the first part of the series on the US-Mexico border situation, Al Jazeera explains how the process, known as Title 42, is being implemented, the reasons for the recent increase in arrivals, and what immigration experts say the Biden administration needs to do now.
The Trump administration in March last year To request Title 42 – A public health provision in the U.S. Code prohibiting the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and other authorities from quickly entering the country without legal approval from most immigrants.
The OrderThe U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said that this does not apply to U.S. citizens or permanent residents or foreign nationals with valid travel documents or visa waivers.
The American Immigration Council says “deportees do not receive deportation orders, but the CBP collects their biometrics and records their contact with the agency.” Explanation.
What was the effect of the title 42?
Trump’s use of the Title 42 policy made it impossible for most immigrants and asylum seekers to enter or be protected in the United States, as thousands of people were quickly evacuated to Mexico or their home countries.
According to the CBP, between March and September 2020, about 205,000 people were deported to the U.S. southern border under 42 headings, although according to the CBP, more than 190,000 people were deported in October, November and December last year. Statistics.
Karen Musallo, director of the Center for Gender and Refugee Studies at UC Hastings College, said: “The legal obligation of the United States to grant asylum to anyone in the country or internationally is revoked,” the law told Al Jazeera.
Is the Beadon administration still enforcing 42 headlines?
Yes, but it has made a significant change: 42 The title still applies to most families and single adults arriving at the border, unaccompanied children now Exemption And being taken into U.S. custody.
In November, a U.S. judge ruled that the Trump administration could not return unaccompanied children under Title 42 and issued an order. Then, on January 29, a court issued A stay, Originally the government allowed the re-imposition of sanctions on children – but the Beadon administration did not comply.
February 2, Bideno Order As part of a review of “The Trump Administration’s Declaration, Rules, and Guidelines That Effectively Closed the U.S. Border to Asylum Seekers” A wide push in contrast A few divisive principles of his predecessor.
How many have been expelled for using 42 headlines under Biden?
In the first full month of February, according to the CBP, more than w2,000 people were deported to the southwestern border under the heading of 40 Information.
The border agency said in its overall concern that 19,236 families were in the family; , 1,5998 were single adults and 9,9597 were minors.
Are families being evicted?
Yes, but not all. Politicact Report Of the 42 persons expelled under the title, 900 were considered part of the family unit.
Axis too Report Under the policy this month, between March 14 and 21, “an average of 13 percent of the approximately 13,000 family members returned to Mexico after crossing the US-Mexico border.”
There is NBC News Report Due to limited capacity, Mexico is not repatriating some families of children aged six or under to a specific area on the U.S. border.
A spokesman for the Department of Homeland Security told Axios that “our policy still continues that families have been expelled from their families and that evacuation is possible if Mexican families cannot be evicted due to their inability to receive them.”
Where are people being sent?
Musallo said Mexico usually takes people back from El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala, but does not allow most immigrants from other countries to return. Instead, the United States sends their asylum seekers back to their home countries, often in dangerous situations.
“For example, in between Violence in Haiti“We see asylum seekers returning to Haiti,” he said. “It’s very, very relevant.”
Does title 42 encourage people to cross the border again and again?
Thousands of people have tried to enter the United States this year, U.S. media reported Friday More than 171,000 immigrants were taken into custody Alone along the southern border in March.
Danilo Zack, a senior policy and advocacy partner at the National Immigration Forum, told Al Jazeera that repeated crossings of single adults initially from Mexico are increasing the overall number of arrivals. The recurrence rate between March 20 last year and February 2021 was 36 percent, most recently CBP Report.
“Under heading 42, because there’s so little processing going on, it’s supposed to expel people as soon as possible,” Zack said.
“There are no additional fines for repetitive, unauthorized crossers. People return within one and a half to two hours instead of several days, which means they may try to cross the border again or try to cross the border in some other way. “
What’s happening now?
The Beadon administration said it planned to work Address the “root causes” of migration From Mexico and Central America, and they provide more resources to help solve systemic problems – and provide millions of dollars. It continues to tell immigrants and asylum seekers not to come to the United States.
Meanwhile, Musallo of UC Hastings, who is involved in a lawsuit alleging that the Title 42 policy is illegal, said the results of the legal challenge are still in the air.
Some observers have expressed concern about what it would mean to withdraw the policy altogether, given how the US government has already spread. The recent influx of communal juveniles Arrived at the border. Musallo, however, said the Biden administration has an obligation to legislate.
“When you have a legal obligation … it’s not an excuse to say, ‘Hey things will take a while to get in our place’ ‘You have that legal obligation. You shouldn’t turn people into bullies and you should It should be done. “