Ahead of the November presidential election, the country’s center-right government will face a battle to retain power, and Chile’s legislature will vote on its new constitution this weekend.
Epidemic, mayoral and municipal elections have been postponed due to epidemics, with elections to the Constituent Assembly to be held on Saturday and Sunday as well.
Chile has not been spared the second wave of coronavirus, which has fallen to Latin America despite having the highest vaccination rate in the region. Confirmed infections reached their highest level in the last month, although the number has since declined.
“Chile is doing a number of historic and unprecedented works at the same time. . . In the midst of the economic and health crisis, Kovid-19 came along, ”said Robert Funk, a political scientist.
The most important vote would be to elect members of the constitution elected on the charge of rewriting the constitution during the dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet on 19 August 3-90 – which most Chileans consider invalid.
In a referendum in November, nearly a quarter of voters voted in favor of constitutional reform.
“These elections will probably define Chile’s institutional course over the next few decades,” said Gloria de la Fuente of Chile’s Transparency Council. “The vote will have a profound effect on Chile’s political system and civil society. . . To elect the authorities to bring the country’s agenda to the fore. ”
However, it is predicted that the turnout will be less than the referendum. About 58 percent of Chileans surveyed by Ipsos said they were less likely to vote because of the epidemic, and less than half knew they would vote in four different positions.
Chile has become one of the richest countries in Latin America in recent decades, even though it is far from resolving the deep inequality that gave rise to widespread social unrest in 2019.
The low approval rating for President Sebastian Pyro as these protests were defeated in favor of his government in Congress, especially centered on pension reform.
The Left Alliance, which has dominated Chile for most of the past 30 years since Pyre came to power in 2013, has been torn apart, but new documents could allow the Left and Center-Left to pass each article to secure a two-thirds majority in the electoral assembly.
“If the right becomes more than 30 percent [in the assembly], It will be a tremendous victory, ”said Lucia Damart, a sociologist at the University of Santiago.
Despite the relative success of its vaccine rollout, Chile has been hit hard by the coronavirus crisis. Last summer the average of 352 daily cases per million per week exceeded 383 per week. Cases have since returned to about 280 cases per million.
However, the Pioneer government has been able to provide more covid-related subsidies than other countries in the region.
A feature of this weekend’s election is the emergence of independent candidates, Damart said. Although traditional parties have been badly hurt by the political turmoil, he said it would be a “final battle” to gain the recognition of the individual.
There are also wild cards like Pablo Maltes – the husband of Pamela Giles, an optimistic president of the people – who is running for governor of the metropolitan area of the capital, Santiago.
“If the Maltese had won, there must have been something wrong with Giles,” Funk said, because it could mean he was a rival to the president.
Giles, who has taken steps to raise money from Chile’s vented private pension system, is one of the candidates for the presidency, with neither the right nor the left enjoying clear leadership.
Electoral reform under Michel Bachelet’s previous left-wing government, which has increased proportional representation, means the Chileans will, for the first time, elect a regional governor in a region where power has traditionally held sway in Santiago. Elections will renew about one-third of the local authority.