Criticism and messaging of vaccinating children is key, experts say Coronavirus Epidemic News

Dr Adam Ratner said he had spoken to most parents about the idea of ​​vaccinating their children against CVID-19. For more than a year after the deadly epidemic in the United States, this job has been seen as the key to regaining regular life.

But the question is: will it be safe?

“It’s important to make sure that these vaccines are safe and that they are just as good for children as they are for adults,” said Ratner, director of pediatric infectious disease at Hassanfield Children’s Hospital in New York University.

There is no reason to think of coronavirus vaccines, which have been Proved to be very safe, Will work differently in children but the immune system of children is different than that of adults, they Must be checked Before they deliver.

“But once we know that [it’s safe]”I think it will be very important to vaccinate a large number of children,” he said, referring to research tests that have shown promising results so far. “

Make up about children A quarter Both the U.S. population – and Ritter and other health experts – say it will be critical to overcome the epidemic by vaccinating both to protect themselves against COVID-19 and the wider community.

Meanwhile, the U.S. has approved Pfizer-Bioentech jobs for 16- and 17-year-olds.

The children wore masks in class in S সাo Paulo, Brazil in October last year [File: Amanda Perobelli/Reuters]

Pfizer Announcement The vaccine was 100 percent effective in a test of 2,260 children aged 12 to 15 last month, and on Friday, the agency submitted data to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to increase its emergency use approval for this age group. It is Dr. It planned to file similar requests with other regulators in the coming days.

“While the FDA cannot estimate how long it will take to evaluate our data and information, we will review the request as soon as possible with our thorough and science-based approach,” said Janet Woodcock, FDA Commissioner. Tweeted.

“So far, these vaccines have proven to be very safe in children,” said Dr. Jovan Maldonado, a professor of global health and infectious diseases at Stanford University.

He said emergency use approvals for children aged 12 to 15 would come first, while approvals for children under 12 could occur in late 2021 or the following year because trials of the vaccine were obsolete and time consuming, Maldonado added. You need to start with the security settings and then you can move on to a younger age

Vaccine hesitation

But public hesitation about the vaccine has raised questions about whether their parents will allow their children to get their jobs when they become available – and about the best way to encourage inoculation.

According to a recent Survey According to the Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF) nonprofit, about 13 percent of Americans say they will not “get” a vaccine, while 100 percent will only get the vaccine if needed for work, school or other activities. Recipients of the “wait and see” approach to vaccination accounted for 17 percent. The survey found that about three out of 10 Republicans and White missionaries said they would “definitely” not get a vaccine.

Some parents have expressed concern about the safety of vaccines for children, despite assurances from health experts, while others have long been opposed to vaccines for children – largely based on misinformation to allow any large-scale vaccine to be approved by the FDA. Says A vaccine must be safe and effective and its benefits outweigh any potential risks.

A strong public health message will be important for vaccinating as many children as possible, Maldonado told Al Jazeera, “Pediatricians are” really important to make sure their patients talk to their parents and make sure the parents are feeling well. “

Another way to vaccinate children is with school-based orders; Ordered at the state and local level, this may require children to go to public or private schools or day-care centers to be vaccinated against the coronavirus.

But some parents have already made it clear that they are opposed to the school-based coronavirus vaccine order. A recent study from Indiana University found that more than 2,000 parents with children under the age of 18 said they had little or no chance of vaccinating their children, and a third opposed vaccination at school.

The strongest opposition came from white Republican mothers, whose 47 percent said it was too much or too little to vaccinate their children. Fifty percent said they oppose the need for a school vaccine.

“Especially in the context of the misinformation we see around epidemics and vaccines, these mothers… think they are more capable of controlling the risk of CVD than of vaccine risks,” said Jessica Clarco, an associate professor of sociology at Indiana University and one of the reporters. Co-author.

Clarco told Al Jazeera that some mothers, who generally feel pressured to be responsible for their children’s health, expressed concern about the long-term health effects of vaccines. Not to mention these concerns, he advised the health authorities to recognize them – but provide accurate information.

“My hope is to understand some of the underlying causes of this reluctance, to address some of the misinformation … which gives us the space and potential to potentially change course,” Clarco said.

A pediatrician in a protective suit takes a swab sample from a child in Berlin, Germany, in September last year. [File: Hannibal Hanschke/Reuters]

History of Mandate

Currently, all 50 states in the United States require specific vaccines such as measles or rubella for law students, but 45 states, as well as Washington, D.C., allow religious exemptions. According to At the National Conference in the State Legislature. Some states offer philosophical or medical exemptions, the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention Explanation, When the rules of attendance of exempt students may change during the outbreak.

There are several U.S. colleges, including Rutgers University and Cornell University Dr. They will need to be vaccinated for students when classes resume in the next short. Also head of the Los Angeles Unified School District Dr. Once the Covid-19 vaccine is available for children in January, they will need to say, “Students are nothing more than vaccinated against measles and marijuana.”

So far, however, there has been no statewide order for children to receive a Kavid-19 vaccine to go to school.

The vaccine mandate is not a fancy idea. Juliet Sorensen, a professor in the Department of Health and Human Rights at Northwestern Law School, explained that in 1905, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that state and local authorities had the power to issue vaccines in the public interest.

The lawsuit, involving Jacobson v. Massachusetts, “anti-vaxaxer,” said Sorensen, who was fined for refusing to be vaccinated during a minor outbreak.

The decision comes as it did last year when religious groups sued New York State for restricting religious gatherings during the epidemic. Supreme Court Ruled Governor Andrew Cuomo’s order in November was an unconstitutional violation of freedom of religion.

Although the verdict did not raise Jacobson, Sorensen said it would be interesting to see its impact go further. He added that given that it could be “highly commendable, contagious and serious COID-19”, school boards would add coronavirus jobs to the needs of children who already need a specific vaccine to attend school.

‘Carrots are not sticks’

Although it would ultimately depend on the state and local authorities to determine the laws surrounding vaccine orders, Maldonado warned that usually “people tend to polarize when you do something.”

Sorensen echoed this, saying that “even if a vaccine order can be largely legal outside of school attendance contexts, it is not historically very popular politically” and some policymakers have called for a vaccine order.

“Persuading people to be vaccinated instead of their method because it’s for our collective health – using a carrot – not a stick.”

Children wearing protective masks during a martial arts training class in Kolkata on April 5 [File: Dibyangshu Sarkar/AFP]

Ritter, meanwhile, emphasized that it was important to keep in mind that while children usually contract Cavid-19, it can be serious and require hospitalization, and children can spread the virus to other people, including high-risk adults.

“If there is still widespread COVID and the vaccines are safe and effective in children, I think you are probably thinking of making these vaccines mandatory in many districts. I think it would make sense, ”he said.

“We can’t get rid of this epidemic without protecting children from cavities.”

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