Sun. May 22nd, 2022

What you need to know about the cyber security risks in the conflict in Ukraine is the title of the article

Pictures: Dan Kitwood (Getty Images)

If you haven’t heard, Ukraine is in trouble: a conflict between the country’s Russian and NATO allies has fueled a regional conflict with far-reaching consequences for everyone involved.

People Saying It could mean War. The political crisis has encouraged the formation of Russian troops 100,000 troops On the Ukrainian border – led by several US officials to explain that Putin’s government may be imminent Plans to attack Neighboring countries. Meanwhile, the United States has threatened to deepen its involvement if the situation worsens.

In the midst of all this turmoil, one may be tempted to view cyber operations as something to think about but, in fact, digital intrusions are becoming an important part of the political conflict. Indeed, such activities can prove to be a flashpoint that points the action in one direction or the other – for better or for worse. We’ll give you a brief run-down on what’s going on in that space, why the cyber situation is likely to get worse, and what it might mean for the stability of the situation as a whole.

What is happening in Ukraine at the moment?

First, what is actually happening? Despite Ongoing news coverage For this whole failure, many Americans may wonder why this is actually happening in the first place.

The short answer is: NATO. Russia assures Ukraine that Ukraine will not be admitted to US-friendly, Europe-wide Defense Club, But American and Ukrainian officials have not yet been able to make such a promise.

Indeed, Ukraine’s possible membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has been a contentious issue for decades, extending all the way. The end of the Cold War: We don’t really need to get into it, but Gorbachev at some point during the year, George HW Bush Secretary of State James Baker NATO promised not to expand on Russia’s borders … and then the United States did exactly that for the next 30 years. This failed promise is something that Russian leaders – especially Putin – have never forgotten.

The problem is that NATO is widely seen as a tool of US military power (it was) Made And is Working by American defense officials, above all), which creates a growing membership of countries Near the Russian border The Russians think- “Surrounded, “If not directly occupied. Ukraine, which A former Soviet territory, A direct neighbor of Russia and possibly NATO will set up military bases in its backyard. Historically, Ukraine is also the vector by which Russia has repeatedly suffered Foreign aggressionThat is, geo-strategically, it is not a great place for them to allow their greatest enemy (America) to hang out properly. Add to that the top people in the Pentagon He spoke openly about the war With Russia and you really have a fantastic adhesive situation.

Beginning in 2014, the ongoing unrest in Ukraine – largely centered on the conflict between pro-Russian and NATO allies – has led to an ongoing political upheaval in the country, including Battle in Donbass And Russia Crimean affiliation. Russia is now in renewed tension Assurances demanded NATO will not grant membership to Ukraine and Georgia, other neighboring countries. However, recent talks between Russian officials and the American and Ukrainian authorities have not been particularly successful. Recently, Russia Also ask The United States will expel NATO from its neighbors Bulgaria and Romania, where the United States has explicitly stated: “Oh, yes, we are not going to do that.”

As diplomatic talks have failed, military solidarity in the region has increased. The flood of Russian troops on the border has joined the parallel currents of America Arms and cash To the afflicted country. Recently the White House Transfer approved U.S. anti-armor and anti-tank weapons and ammunition from several NATO-friendly Baltic states – some মার 200 million in “fatal” assistanceবAnd President Biden Claimed If Russia chooses to invade the country, the United States will send additional troops to Eastern Europe.

How hackers targeted Ukraine

As this whole crisis unfolds, a large part of the action so far has been cyber activity: a slow pace of suspicious hacking activity has troubled Ukraine – leading many to believe that Russia is preparing for something worse.

The first signs of trouble came about a week ago, on January 14, when a team of Ukrainian government agencies hacked and distorted their website. The attacks About 80 different sites affected And spread a scary message, written in multiple languages: “Be afraid and expect the worst.” It was an ominous sign, though the distortion was a fair one Amateur attackAnd some commentators have described the hack as a basic intimidation tactic.

Just a day after the distortion, however, things got worse. On January 15, it was reported that a data-wiping malware had targeted “dozens” of internal systems of Ukrainian government agencies, non-profits and IT companies. The attack was first spotted by Microsoft’s security team, MSTIC Has published a report About it last week. According to the researchers, the malware was designed to look like ransomware but was actually a special type of software “intended to be destructive and to disable target devices.” It is alleged to have caused significant damage to many government agencies.

Ukrainian officials say two attacks appear to have taken place “Integrated” Occur at about the same time.

Russia has denied responsibility for the bombings, and has not provided any evidence that the country is involved in such activities.

However, Western authorities are fairly confident that Russia is the culprit. Not only have US officials been suspicious of Putin’s government, but Sergei Dameduk, deputy secretary of Ukraine’s National Security and Defense Council, has recently said. In an interview That he believed was the work of destructive attacks UNC1151– A hacker group linked to Belarusian spies, one of which Note the Russian ally.

Similarly, the Ministry of Digital Development of Ukraine Says That “all the evidence” points to Russia’s recent malware attacks on its government systems. “Moscow is waging a hybrid war and is actively building forces in information and cyberspace,” the agency said. In a recent press release.

The attacks এছাড়া in addition to allegations that Russia is behind them have escalated tensions in the region, escalated hostilities, and added inspiring fears about what might happen next.

Information war

Another front of the unveiling crisis involved information operations. Propaganda and media manipulation as fuel for social media Has become a more powerful tool, They have become important weapons to the government during political flashpoints like Ukraine.

For example, US officials have warned of various Russian misleading attempts, which they say represent an attempt to turn the current conflict narrative pro-Russian.

Most dramatically, recently the US Treasury Department Approved Two members of Ukraine’s parliament, Taras Kozak and Oleh Voloshin, have called the FSB a “pawn” and the United States a “false statement” that is currently being leaked. Politicians, along with two other former government officials, Vladimir Olyanic and Vladimir Sivakovich, have been identified as part of a plot to “destabilize” the entire country.

“Russia has instructed its intelligence agencies to recruit current and former Ukrainian government officials to occupy the Ukrainian government and to control Ukraine’s vital infrastructure with occupying Russian forces.” To warn The US Treasury also claims that Kozak and Voloshin are leading the effort.

Similarly, the US State Department recently said Made a statement To refute the statements put forward by Russia as to why this conflict is currently taking place.

“Russia’s military and intelligence agencies are trying to portray Ukraine and Ukrainian government officials as aggressors in Russia-Ukraine relations with misleading information targeting Ukraine.” The State Department wrote. “Russia blames others for its own aggression, but Moscow’s responsibility is to end the crisis peacefully through de-escalation and diplomacy.”

If the conflict continues, the framing of this whole feud will probably continue to grow, as the various parties seek to promote their own agendas as to who is the illegal attacker. Certainly Russia — which has a lot to lose থাকবে will be deeply involved in trying to convince world audiences that this is right.

Potential risks of Russian cyber war

Although recent cyber incidents have caused an understandable amount of concern, some commentators Made that note This attack is actually justified Light What one might expect in this situation next. In fact, if Russia really wants to ignite the shit, it has significantly more hacking firepower at its disposal.

John Hultquist, VP of the security agency Mandiant’s threat intelligence agency, Wrote In a blog post on Thursday, Ukraine’s cyber situation could worsen – and he hopes that as the political crisis in the region deepens, Russia will become embroiled in a series of increasing attacks.

“Russia and its allies will conduct cyber espionage, intelligence operations and disruptive cyber attacks during this crisis,” Haltquist said. Wrote. “Although cyber espionage is already a regular aspect of global activity, with the deterioration of the situation, we will see more aggressive information operations and disrupted cyber attacks inside and outside Ukraine.”

Indeed, Russia has hit Ukraine even harder in the past. A lot Harder. In 2015, Russian hackers Complaints Disables the country’s power grid — a bold, unprecedented operation that led A black out Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. Hackers take control of SCADA systems, damage IT infrastructure and use malware to remotely shut down electrical substations. Hourly darkness For about 230,000 people. A 2016 Blackout Similar hacking results are also alleged.

That was supposed to be the work of a terrible show-off force Sandwormসবচেয়ে Russia’s most destructive hacking unit, also known as “Unit 74455”. Allegedly operated by Russian military intelligence hackers, the group is also believed to be responsible for the devastation. Beating is not an attack2017A 2017 malware campaign that affected countries around the world but most severely damaged Ukraine. Attack, that Is thought Has caused ক্ষতি 10 billion in damage worldwide, at the same time destroying Ukraine’s financial system Militants are fighting separatists With connections to the Kremlin. Russia has been blamed for the attack, though Denied the allegations.

The bottom line is: Russia has the power to screw up with Ukraine and anyone else, if they like. The most worrying thing is that a sustainable cyber engagement in the country could spread to a wider conflict with other nations. Recently, US President Joe Biden made such a comment Will respond with If Ukraine continues to be targeted, its own cyber operation – a move that could turn our hackers against Russia. In light of all that is at stake, let’s hope everyone manages to keep a clear head and refrain from any sudden movement – and perhaps this whole thing can be in the prudent ballpark of diplomacy. That would be fine anyway.

An earlier version of the story stated that George HW Bush had promised not to extend NATO’s mandate. It was his secretary of state, James Baker, who promised.

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