In a joint statement, permanent members of the UN Security Council pledged to ensure that a nuclear war is never fought, amid growing world tensions.
Five global nuclear powers have vowed to prevent nuclear weapons from spreading and to ensure a nuclear war is never fought, in a rare joint statement ahead of a review of an important nuclear treaty later this year.
The statement said on Monday that the United States, the United Kingdom, Russia, China and France – which are the permanent members of the United Nations Security Council – consider it their primary responsibility to avoid war between the nuclear states and to avoid strategic risks. while seeking to work with all countries to create an atmosphere of security.
“We strongly believe that the further proliferation of such weapons must be prevented,” it said, adding, “A nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought.”
The Russian-language version of the statement reads: “We declare that there can be no winners in a nuclear war, it should never be started.
“As the use of nuclear weapons will have far-reaching consequences, we also confirm that nuclear weapons – as long as they exist – must serve defense objectives, deter aggression and prevent war.”
Russia hopes the promise will reduce global tensions, while saying a summit of permanent UN Security Council members remains necessary.
“We hope that, in the current difficult conditions of international security, the adoption of such a political statement will help reduce the level of international tensions,” Moscow’s Foreign Ministry said in a statement.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told RIA Novosti news agency that Moscow still considered a summit between the world’s major nuclear powers “necessary”.
The Foreign Ministry also said it hoped the agreement would “help build trust and form the basis of future control of offensive and defensive weapons”.
France also released the statement, stressing that the five powers had reiterated their determination for nuclear weapons control and disarmament. They will continue with bilateral and multilateral approaches to nuclear weapons control, it said.
China said the promise would “increase mutual trust” and reduce the risk of nuclear conflict.
“The joint statement issued by the leaders of the five nuclear-weapon states will help increase mutual trust and replace competition between major powers with coordination and cooperation,” said Xinhua news agency Ma Zhaoxu, Deputy Foreign Minister. .
Tensions between Russia and the West have skyrocketed over Ukraine in recent months, with the US and its allies warning Moscow of a massive coordinated sanctions response if it invades its former Soviet neighbor.