A UN team investigating Iraq’s atrocities has found “clear and strong evidence” that ISIL is “committed.” Genocide Against the Yazidi minority in 2014, its head said, the armed group had successfully developed chemical weapons and used mustard gas.
In a report to the UN Security Council on Monday, Karim Khan said the group had also decided in June 2014 that it had committed war crimes against the Shia unarmed cats and staff at the Tikrit Air Academy.
He said an ISIL video released in July 2015 “directly incites the public to commit genocide against Shia Muslims”.
The Security Council unanimously voted in September 2017 to request the United Nations to form an investigative team to assist Iraq in promoting accountability for what could be “war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide” by ISIL in Iraq and the Levant. Which includes Syria.
In his sixth report to the council, Khan said that the team investigating the propaganda for accountability for crimes committed by Daesh / ISIL (UNITADD) had rapidly expanded its evidence over the past six months.
He said “significant improvements” in forensic evidence collection from mass graves, digital data from ISIL’s hard drives, use of advanced technology to digitize and process case files, and database searches have allowed the team to “cleanly establish” the activities of key ISIL members. Deadline. ”
Khan called it a “landmark moment” that ISIL’s genocide in the Sunjar region “as a religious group against the Yazidis” provided convincing evidence that it was “intended to destroy the Yazidis physically and biologically”.
The ISIL ultimatum revealed that all Yazidis were “converted or killed” and thousands were killed, “they were shot while fleeing, or died on Mount Sinjar as they tried to escape,” Khan said. . . “Thousands more were enslaved, abducted from their families, women and children were subjected to the most brutal torture of serial rape and other forms of sexual harassment” which “led to death” for many years.
The Yazidis are an ethnic-religious minority with a population of about 550,000 in northwestern Iraq, although ISIL entered the region in 2014. Their beliefs combine elements of several ancient Middle Eastern religions. ISIL, which considers the Yazidis to be anti-religious, has slaughtered thousands of Yazidi men, abducted women and girls, and forced boys to fight for them while controlling large parts of Iraq and Syria.
Khan said crimes against Yazidis continue, thousands of women and children have been separated or missing from their families, and some are still with ISIL prisoners or those to whom they were sold.
Amnesty International last year Be careful Nearly 2,000 Yazidi children and other survivors who have been subjected to horrific human rights abuses at the hands of ISIL have not received the help they need to cope with chronic physical and emotional trauma, as well as serious debilitating long-term illness or physical disability.
Per Choose In his 6th briefing #UNSC: I can assure the council that on the basis of our independent criminal investigation, United_Irac That has established clear and credible evidence # Genocide Was committed by #ISIL Against # Yazidis As a religious group. pic.twitter.com/SBJIIA0FRR
– United (@UNITADD_Iraq) May 10, 2021
The UN-appointed Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Syria in 2016 also said that ISIG was carrying out genocide against the Yazidis, and several NGOs echoed that decision.
But Khan said what UNTADA did in the case of the Yazidis was even more important because the party was forced to look at various pieces of evidence that could stand before the court where the burden of proof lay – “and not just brushes draw strokes from a survey of victims”.
Khan added that information obtained from electronic devices belonging to the armed group led United to “lead a new investigation into the development and successful deployment of chemical and biological weapons by ISIL in Iraq.”
Evidence gathered by United details how the team used the laboratory at the University of Mosul “based on the expertise of scientists and medical professionals in Iraq and abroad as a hub for the chemical weapons program.”
Initially, he said, ISIL fighters turned Chlorine into a weapon from a captured water treatment center in 2014 and later developed “toxic deadly compounds, including thallium and nicotine, that were tested on living prisoners, causing death.”
ISIL then set up a mustard gas production facility, Sulfur Mustard, also said, “Taj Khurmatur was deployed in the Turkmen Shia city in March 2001 with 40 rockets fired,” Khan said.
Khan, who will become chief prosecutor at the International Criminal Court on June 15, said investigations were progressing rapidly and preliminary results were expected within five months.
At the end of the year, he said, the party expects preliminary results “to identify crimes against minority Christians, Kaka, Shabak, Shia Turkmen and Iraq’s Sunni community, as well as the massacre of mainly Shia prisoners in Badush prisons.”
The next step, Khan said, is to keep the information and evidence collected by UNITADA “to meet the expectations of the survivors” and to bring those responsible for this “heinous crime” to justice before a national court.
He hopes that Iraqi legislators will take legal action to try ISIL members for war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide.
He welcomed the law introduced in parliament last week in Iraq’s Kurdistan Region to establish a court with jurisdiction over international crimes committed by ISIL.