Palestinians have very few sources of protection when Israel launches airstrikes and artillery bombings in Gaza. When Palestinians fire rockets into the Jewish state, its citizens can tie up one of the world’s best-tried and most tested air defense systems – the Iron Dome.
The Palestinian militant group Hamas, which controls the Gaza Strip, has launched about 1,800 rockets into Israel since Monday, targeting major cities such as Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, as well as other cities.
Like Israeli warplanes, artillery and tanks, the Islamic movement has maintained its barriers. The poor hit the Palestinian territories 2 million people. Palestinian medical officials say at least 122 people have been killed in Gaza since Monday, including 31 children and 20 women, and 900 have been injured.
However, according to the Israeli military, about 90 percent of Palestinian rockets have been defended by the Iron Dome, a system built by Israeli defense agencies and jointly funded and developed by the United States. Nine Israelis, including a child, were killed in a Palestinian rocket attack, a woman was killed while running to a shelter, and a soldier was killed by tank shells.
“If the Iron Dome system had not always been life-saving, the number of Israelis killed and wounded would have been much higher,” said Lt. Col. Jonathan Conricus, a spokesman for the Israeli army.
The Iron Dome was specifically designed to deal with this More early and short range missiles Israel was fired upon by Palestinian groups and was first used 10 years ago to block a Hamas-run project from Gaza. Its development accelerated after the month-long Israeli war in 2006, the Iranian-backed Lebanese movement, and its conflict with Hamas three years later, after a month-long Israeli war.
Justin Bronck, a research fellow at the Royal United Services of Defense and Security Studies, said a large part of Iron Dome’s success was due to a state-of-the-art radar system that enabled it to quickly determine which incoming rockets could hit built-in areas and land in open ground.
The Iron Dome has 10 batteries deployed across the country, each capable of firing 20 interceptors at three to four launches, allowing the system to launch up to 800 missiles on an incoming rocket without reload count.
It is designed to deal with short-range, slow-moving rockets, relatively small and inexpensive compared to missiles used in other air defense systems, such as the US Patriot System.
The Obama administration has partially increased U.S. funding for the Iron Dome to show support for Israel. It was hoped, however, that this would help prevent the conflict from escalating.
“It was a deliberate calculation by the Obama administration to fund it [general] The Americans are ultimately about $ 1.5 billion more than the military aid to the United States, “Bronck said, adding that one condition was that Americans could use interception data for their own research and development purposes.
Ulrich Frank, a senior policy-making fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations, said this week’s events had the “political significance” of the Iron Dome, which made it possible for Israelis to “attack and lead a somewhat normal life.”
“It exempts the government – if hundreds of Israelis are killed in Hamas attacks, the Israeli government will be severely pressured to intervene in the ground operations,” he said. “Along with the protection of the Iron Dome, there is more freedom of movement for the government. On the other hand, it gives the government the freedom not to try for a peaceful solution – as it can tolerate, at least for a while, for attacks. “
But the salvos fired by Hamas this week still stunned Israelis, spreading terror in neighborhoods where rockets have violated defense.
“I know I’m not supposed to be scared, but you heard the siren and you panicked – what if you’re the most unfortunate man in the country today?” Tomar talked about shaking Jafar in a garage with his baby. A few minutes later, an Iron Dome interceptor fired a rocket overhead and dropped a trail of smoke into the sky.
The Israeli military was also surprised that Hamas was willing to launch such a campaign against the Middle East’s best-equipped and most sophisticated military, and risked its consequences.
A durable barrage system of hundreds of rockets is at risk of sinking. Hezbollah owns a larger and more sophisticated stockpile of rockets than Palestinian militants.
“Hezbollah has an arsenal of 1 million rockets and is better equipped to fire a large number of rocket-propelled grenades,” Bronck said. “Many of its rockets are now being equipped with Iranian guiding devices to make it more accurate, which also increases the number of times they have to block iron domes.”
He added, however, that the Iron Dome was never intended to be a “complete defense”.
“It changes the overall balance of forces in any large-scale collision that changes the game even more emotionally in different ways,” Bronck said.
Additional report by Mehul Srivastava in Tel Aviv