Hours after being sworn in as President of the United States, Joe Biden took the first significant step at the White House, including signing an executive order to rejoin the Paris climate agreement.
As a result, the United States will officially return to its historic promise to limit temperatures below 2 degrees Celsius in 30 days. The United States abandoned the agreement on November 4, 2020, the day after the presidential election, at the behest of former President Donald Trump.
“The cry for survival comes [the] The planet itself, ”Biden says His opening remarks, “A cry that can no longer be heard or clarified.”
The Treaty of Paris has always been a more symbolic promise than a treaty. For the Trump administration, Contract digging Indicated that America was abandoning its role As a climate leader instead of becoming a nation that relies on fossil fuel emissions. Now, under the Beadon administration, in step-a Stimulation of early action Reversing Trump’s agenda on everything from immigration to the epidemic response – symbolizes that the country is more committed than ever to tackling the climate crisis.
Even before Biden signed the executive order, the climate community began to shake with praise.
“Welcome back to the Paris Climate Agreement,” tweeted French President Emmanuel Macron.
“After rejoining the Paris Agreement, President Biden will immediately indicate that this is a new day for US engagement on climate change,” Helen Mountford, vice president of the World Resources Institute’s Department of Climate and Economics, said in a statement. The move must follow an ambitious U.S. climate target for 2030 and significantly increase climate finance for vulnerable countries. “
The need for action has never been more urgent, as the world is on the brink of catastrophic warming More than 3 degrees Celsius Compared to the preindustrial layer if nothing changes. Last week, scientists announced that 2020 is effectively tied to 201 The warmest year on record. In the United States, last year’s hurricanes and volcanic eruptions resulted in a A record number of disasters caused at least 1 1 billion in damage.
Biden campaigned on the most aggressive climate platform of any presidential candidate, including repeatedly promising to rejoin the Paris Agreement on his first day as president.
Since Biden won the election, the incoming administration has addressed the address Among the top priorities of climate change And immediately began to lay the groundwork for the obvious changes to take effect
The transition team announced in November that former Secretary-General of the United States Barack Obama would take over the newly created post of special presidential envoy for climate change. In this role, Kerry will oversee the country’s international climate talks, including participation in the Paris Agreement.
Then in December, the conversion team unveiled plans for a newly created White House office domestic climate policy, Led by Gina McCarthyObama’s former head of the Environmental Protection Agency.
Although Democrats are now leading the Senate by a slim majority, Biden is expected to rely more on executive orders and new rules to implement his climate agenda. Passing bold legislation through a sharply divided Congress, where many Republicans still question the urgency of the crisis and support continued reliance on fossil fuels, is expected to be one of the ultimate challenges.
As part of Biden’s initial climate action, he is instructing federal agencies to review the final various climate regulations under the previous administration by relaxing vehicle fuel economy and emissions standards, methane emissions standards and equipment and building efficiency standards. He is republishing the Interagency Working Group on the social costs of greenhouse gases and revoking presidential permission for the Keystone XL oil pipeline.