Libyan Prime Minister Abdul Hamid Debiba has spoken with Al Jazeera about reunification, elections, and the reconstruction of Khaleda Haftar.
The head of Libya’s unity government has told Al Jazeera that he is hopeful that thousands of foreign mercenaries will leave the country soon.
In an interview with Al Jazeera on Wednesday, Libyan Prime Minister Abdul Hamid Debiba said there were “optimistic signs” that foreign armed groups were leaving Libya after talks with several countries.
The presence of an estimated 20,000 foreign fighters and mercenaries on Libyan soil is seen as a threat to a UN-backed transition ahead of the December 24 elections.
The Libyan unity government has been in power for months To claim Their “immediate” withdrawal.
After the overthrow and assassination of dictator Muammar Gaddafi in a NATO-backed uprising in 2011, the North African country was plunged into chaos, with multiple forces hoping for power.
Last year only the fighting stopped and there was a formal ceasefire in October Establishment In March, the caretaker Prime Minister Dibibar led a coalition government.
Unification is a state institution
Debiba said the eastern government, which ruled the eastern and western parts of the country instead of two rival administrations, had also given priority to reconciliation efforts before the national elections.
Devibah told Al Jazeera that 80 percent of state institutions have been merged, while the military has remained divided. He added that the 5 + 5 Joint Military Commission is working to unify the military.
The commission consists of five senior military officials from the UN-approved National Accord (GNA) in Tripoli and five of his rivals, five from the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) led by former re-elected military commander Khalifa Haftar.
Debiba said her unity government did not coordinate issues with Haftar, instead all coordination was conducted with the help of the police service and the mayor in Benghazi.
He added that the election will be held in time.
“We want the constitution, the elections and the end of the transition period,” he told Al Jazeera.
The logical thing
He is commenting at a cabinet meeting in Benghazi It was postponed Last month, Deviba said there was a rationale behind the cancellation. He promised that there would be a cabinet meeting in Benghazi soon.
Sources told Al Jazeera last month that the cabinet meeting was postponed after gunmen loyal to Haftar prevented a government delegation from entering the city.
They stopped escalating security on Sunday for armed men and civilians loyal to Haftar after the plane landed at Benin Airport.
The move forced delegates – who had been preparing for their first visit to Benghazi since Devibah took office in March – to fly back to Tripoli.
The incident points to the continuing divisions between rival camps in Tripoli in the west and Benghazi in the east – the LNA stronghold of Haftar.
After the 2011 coup against Gaddafi, the country was further divided into chaos and violence, and rival administrations to the west and east were formed in 2014.
Dabibah was appointed in March to lead a new national government (GNU) through a UN-facilitated process aimed at reconciling state institutions and bringing peace and stability to Libya with an election in December.
The GNU was approved by the pre-existing parliament and the administrations of Tripoli and Benghazi, which handed over their power peacefully.
But the war-torn country faces an existence of challenge.
In addition to the presence of armed groups, disputes continue over the flow and distribution of Libya’s adequate oil revenues, parliament has opposed the budget plan for the second time, and the first-line main highway has been closed.
Devibah also told Al Jazeera that she is committed to GNA 2019 Sea agreement Between Libya and Turkey, which increased Turkish maritime rights and influence in the Eastern Mediterranean and angered Greece and Cyprus.
“We do not agree with the evaluation of the Libyan-Turkish maritime agreement with Greece. It serves the Libyans and we will not give it up, ”he said.