President Emmanuel Macron is moving ahead with a plan to close the Ecole National d’Administration (ENA) – an elite postgraduate school that has trained politicians and chief executives to dominate French public life.
Elysee announced Thursday that long-term regional Anna will be replaced by a new “public management school” by students from disadvantaged backgrounds that will draw examinees from a more diverse pool and teach a more comprehensive curriculum, including environment and poverty.
To reform the senior civil service, the government will also abolish the system in charge of the most prestigious government jobs first on the basis of their ranking in Ana graduation and instead give roles based on their needs and skills.
Macron First Anna promised to abolish, which has produced four of the seven French presidents since 1958 and her own Maternal education, In 2019 in response to the opposition organization Yellow vest Protest.
The decision surprised the French elite and divided public opinion – some saw it as a long-term move to reform unequal society, others as a random gesture to the public.
Government last year Appeared The idea of replacing ENA with a new organization has been raised by softening its position while holding the brand for international purposes such as training EU staff. The approach was adopted as Macron prepared for the presidential election next spring, symbolizing his popularity by managing the coronavirus epidemic.
Anna was founded in 1946 under Charles de Gaulle, with the aim of training trained civil servants through entrance exams from all social classes and providing employment on the basis of performance rather than resources or connections..
In recent decades, however, critics have called it a failed qualification that students came from a growing upper class – countic percent in the latest count, about 45 percent in the 1950s.
Close group of graduates known as enarques Then often help each other in top jobs in business and politics. For example, the current chief executives of telecom operator Orange, Bank Society General and food retailer Carrefour were five of the last ten prime ministers, such as Anna Graduate.
About 100 people, including 80 French, attend the two-year program each year.
Luc Rauban, a politician who has studied Anna and her history, said it was difficult to predict whether Macron’s government would be the perfect proof of the proposed new approach. It will depend on how competitive entrance exams are conducted and how new school graduates are placed in the civil service.
Still, Anna is sending a political message aimed at Macron, Ruban said. “He wants to show that he is sending reforms to make France more talented, just as he promised when he was elected in 201,” Reuben said.
“In a sense, Macron is trying to get back to its original mission in 1945 to attract talent from all walks of life to help manage France, and is trying to close it today as a finished school for the aristocracy,” Rauban said. “The risk is that they only put the school’s new name on some business cards, but something else changes.”
Damien Abad, leader of the center-right Les Republicans group in the National Assembly, said he supported the abolition of Anna because it had created public leaders who were disconnected from the population. “We must open up access to the higher civil service and move towards social mobility,” said Anna, a politician who failed the entrance test himself. “This is the first step.”
Benjamin Kouchi, ex Yellow vest The activist who went into politics was more skeptical. “It simply came to our notice then. The inability of political parties and political leaders to run the civil service and reform the state.