NASA gives a quick peek into the mysterious layer of the sun

Imagine for a second The minute you move to the middle layers of the sun’s atmosphere. On the surface of the sun, the “visible disk” scientists call the photosphere below you, the red-hot plasma is heated to 10,000 degrees Fahrenheit. Above you, in a huge corona, the atmospheric membrane of a gas heated to a few million degrees Fahrenheit, heat, light, magnetism, and radioactive particles flow into space with explosive energy. Corona scientists have long had a camouflage: it is much warmer than its lower layers. Traveling outward from the surface of the sun towards it is like moving away from the camp fire and feeling more heat than when you were sitting next to the flame.

Floating in the chromosphere, the piece of the Sun’s atmosphere is sandwiched between these two multi-studied layers, named (“spheres of color”) which are pink for its pops that are visible from Earth during the entire solar eclipse. Closer, these pink glimpses are a sea of ​​boiling hydrogen plasma moving across the vast horizon of the sun. Another, more influential force, however, is expressed in the chromosome: the sun’s magnetic field. These fields were created beneath the surface of the sun by the dynamo effect – heat and rotation on the largest scale in the solar system. The sun’s magnetic fields are huge, but within its inner layers, their forces are channeled and controlled by the pressure of superhit plasma, carrying its heat outward like a boiling pot of tomato soup.

Don your ultraviolet light glasses and you will see something interesting. Growing inside the chromosome, the relative strength relative to the superhit plasma decreases rapidly, but the magnetic fields remain relatively strong. The more you see, the more the forces of magnetism will dominate. The magnetic fields in the photosphere push the plasma to one side, exploding outward in huge loops, their bases are called to the core regions where we call sunspots. (In the lucosphere, each the size of Earth) 93 million miles away its own planet.

What you have seen in the Sun’s atmosphere is speculative, of course – not that the chromosome will instantly evaporate, because for decades scientists have understood exactly what is happening inside it. In contrast to the photosphere and the corona, it is very difficult to see and map. Lets parachute. “It simply came to our notice then. It is the boundary between the sun’s atmosphere.

Mackenzie is a new paper assistant published in February Scientific progress, The results of data collected by Clasp 2 in 2019, which presents the first successful mapping of the chromosome’s magnetic field at four levels, using a solar magnetic field novel ultraviolet imaging technique. A team from Japan, Europe and the United States wrote that the results appeared to confirm theories about how Corona was heated. Using these new mapping techniques, scientists believe they will be able to better understand the coronal mass ejection (CME) and “space weather” thrown by the sun – the huge magnetic, radioactive field that causes chaos when it hits the earth cha or space technology.

Courtesy David E. McKenzie

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