Nation is also a geopolitical issue


White rights, institutional racism, unconscious bias, identity politics – these terms have become the currency of political debate in the United States and the United Kingdom. But race is not just a domestic issue. At a time when global power is changing, the argument for ethnic equality is also becoming part of the geopolitical struggle.

Ranked by purchasing power, The largest economy in the world Now, in order, China, the United States, India, Japan and Germany. However, important political institutions of the world still reflect the balance of political and economic power of 19445. The five permanent, veto-wielding members of the UN Security Council are the United States, Russia, China, the United Kingdom and France.

The fact that four of the “Perm Five” are predominantly white countries represents an international form of “white rights” inherited from the imperial era. It looks volatile when at about 5.8bn World population About and..6 billion live in Asia and Africa.

China is one of the five disadvantaged – and it limits Beijing’s appetite for reform. The idea of ​​India and Japan getting permanent seats at the world’s top table will not be particularly acceptable in Beijing. Regional rivalries – between Nigeria and South Africa or between Mexico and Brazil – have helped slow the pace of reform at the United Nations.

However, arguments about race are becoming part of the competition between the United States and China. Angered by the growing West Criticism Regarding its treatment of Xinjiang’s Uyghurs and other minorities, the Chinese government has tried to turn the tables, pointing to the historic history of the United States and Australia. Abuse of indigenous peoples And to the colonial history of the colonies of European powers.

The current racial tensions in the US also provide Beijing with a talking point. Foreign Ministry Spokeswoman Jiang Yu’s Regular Press Conference Tweeted Recently, the United States and its allies “are not qualified to talk about China, when so many lives have been lost since the Covid-19 and people like it.” George Floyd Can’t even breathe. ” A Chinese nationalist newspaper, the Global Times, has published a Articles The “five-eyed” intelligence-sharing system between the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada and New Zealand is being accused of being the “axis of white supremacy.” In another positive note, the Chinese government Tried to form an alliance In Africa with the argument that China and African countries are united by a joint struggle against colonialism.

-Anti-colonial argument is also part of India’s foreign policy discussions. The Indian government recently debated a group of British MPs protesting agriculture in India Invited In protest, the British ambassador. A newspaper article by Kanwal Sibal, former head of India’s foreign ministry, Accused Britain “stuck in its ial colonial mentality”.

However, the anti-apartheid argument has flowed from two directions. The Bharatiya Janata Party often has a government in Delhi Accused Going to the Hindus of India at the expense of the Hindu minority in the country. Critics of the Chinese government have blamed his approach to Xinjiang on an ethnic-nationalism that seeks to impose a majority Han culture on the whole of China. China sometimes seems to treat ethnic Chinese outside the country as part of a larger Han community that owes something. Loyalty Beijing regardless of their actual nationality.

Despite the apparent turmoil over ethnic relations in the United States, some foreign policymakers have speculated that the West will eventually see its ethnic diversity as a source of energy in international affairs. Ann-Mary Slater, chief New AmericaA think-tank argues that anti-racism should be more systematically integrated into US foreign policy. He thinks establishing a foreign policy that was not influenced by white men could focus less on superpower competition and more on global equity issues – such as the equitable distribution of the Covid-19 vaccine.

If America is truly seen as a world champion for racial equality, it could have an advantage in the international war for heart and mind with China. The long-term goal is to compare a multicultural American to an ethnographic China.

However, the debate is unlikely to be straightforward. Globalization of American ideas about racial equality is not always the best way to win over foreign friends. Even some US allies consider it a new form of American cultural imperialism. The President of France is Emmanuel Macron Complaint An alien ideology of group identity is being imported into France from U.S. universities – trampling on France’s own republican tradition that denies ethnic identity and emphasizes common citizenship.

Emphasis on racist politics is less likely in both the United States and the wider world. The rise of interest has grown out of unexpected events like murder Floyd And the expansion of support for the Black Lives Matter Movement, the work has deep structural strength. The shifting demographics and the new concentration of resources are challenging power structures that once seemed to be firmly embedded. As it happens, the global argument about racial justice is only likely to intensify.

gideon.rachman@ft.com





Source link

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *