The beleagured government of Northern Ireland is holding an emergency meeting on Thursday amid an outbreak of unrest over a fragile political balance in Brescia.
On Wednesday, the fourth night of violence in a week, rioters hijacked a bus and set it on fire, hurling petrol bombs at police in the capital, Belfast. Dozens of police officers were injured.
The tensions came amid growing frustration among pro-British unionists during the new post-Brexit trade embargo between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK.
Tensions have raised concerns about the political stability of Northern Ireland, with decades of violence before the 1999 peace treaty between most Catholic nationalists and most Protestant unionists or loyalists for a united Ireland. Part of the UK.
The conflict, which began in the late 1930s and killed more than 3,600 people, involved the Irish Republic, the Unionists and the armed forces of the United Kingdom.
Here’s what you need to know about the latest events:
What is behind the current tension?
The UK’s economic secession from the European Union towards the end of 2020 has upset the civil political balance in Northern Ireland, although no attempt has been made to avoid such consequences.
Peacekeeping in Northern Ireland through the 310-mile (500-kilometer) UK-Irish land border was one of the longest-running topics of discussion for Brexit divorce without the UK backing into EU markets.
The arrangement was made by London and Brussels to avoid checks between EU member Northern Ireland and Ireland, as an open border on the island helped to support the peace process built on the 1999 Good Friday Agreement.
But controversially, the Brexit divorce agreement imposed customs and border checks on some goods running between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK under the controversial Northern Ireland Protocol, effectively creating a border in the Irish Sea and expressing its ambiguity. Unionists.
The checks have created problems in importing goods to the wider region. Businesses have warned that they are struggling to cope with the new red tape.
In early March, paramilitary parties loyal to Northern Ireland withdrew support for the peace deal out of concern over the implications of the 1999 agreement and pledged to oppose it in a “peaceful and democratic” way.
The alliance of parties informed British Prime Minister Boris Johnson that they would no longer support the Belfast Agreement until the Northern Ireland Protocol was amended to ensure uninterrupted trade between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK.
Why the riot?
The recent violence in Northern Ireland, which took place mainly in the Unionist region, has caused tensions due to the rise of post-Brexit trade regimes and the accompanying economic crisis in the region.
It also comes against the backdrop of deteriorating relations between the top parties in local power-sharing governments.
Prime Minister Arlene Foster’s pro-British Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) has blamed Stoke for not prosecuting former Irish Republican Army commander for the lockdown-breaking funeral of Irish nationalist Sean Sin and the former Irish Republican Army commander
The DUP and other unionist parties have demanded the resignation of the Northern Ireland police chief over the controversy.
But Sean Fein and other critics have accused the DUP of maintaining tensions by opposing the new business system.
What happened in the instability?
The violence took place on Wednesday as the area near a so-called “wall of peace” was separated from a nearby Irish nationalist stronghold, where a group of youths also gathered.
During nearly three decades of violence in Northern Ireland, walls and fences were built between the two communities to prevent clashes, commonly known as troubles.
Hundreds of people gathered on either side of a gate in the wall, where “mobs” were attacking police and attacking each other, according to the Police Service of Assistant Chief Constable Jonathan Roberts of Northern Ireland.
He added that paramilitary agencies were probably involved in the violence.
The last unrest in the Union Territory of Belfast and in the vicinity of Londonderry, known as Derry, last weekend after the riots saw police officers set fire to cars and throw projectiles and petrol bombs.
A total of 55 police officers were injured during the riots over several nights, Roberts said.
How did the officials react?
Across the spectrum, Northern Irish politicians have condemned the violence, which Foster called “just and unjust.”
“Those responsible must be subject to the strictness of the law,” he tweeted.
He spoke to the Chief Constable, he briefed the political parties. There are thoughts especially about those officers who have been injured in the recent unreasonable and unreasonable violence. Those responsible must be subject to the full rigor of the law. All must be equal under the law.
– Arlene Foster #WeWillMeetAgain (@Udiplider) April 8, 2021
Deputy Prime Minister Michel O’Neill of Sinn Fin also condemned the police disorder and the attack.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has called for calm, saying “the only way to resolve differences is through dialogue, not violence or crime.”
“I am deeply concerned about the violence in Northern Ireland,” he tweeted, quoting the bus hijacking and the attack on a photojournalist for the Belfast Telegraph.
I am deeply concerned by the scenes of violence in Northern Ireland, particularly the attacks on PSNIs, which protect public and business security, the attacks on a bus driver and the attacks on a journalist. The way to bridge the gap is through dialogue, not violence or crime.
– Boris Johnson (Boris Johnson) April 7, 2021
Irish Foreign Minister Simon Cowney told national broadcaster RTE: “It needs to be stopped before anyone is killed or seriously injured.
“These are scenes we haven’t seen in Northern Ireland in a very long time. These are scenes that many people thought contained history and I think a concerted effort is needed to spread the tension.”