A week after rival India issued a similar statement, Pakistan says the move by the five world powers is “a positive development”.
The Pakistani government welcomed a joint statement by the P5 on preventing nuclear war as “a positive development”, the country’s foreign ministry spokesman said a week after regional rival India issued a similar statement.
“As a responsible nuclear-weapon state, Pakistan supports the goals of global and non-discriminatory nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation,” a statement from the Pakistani Foreign Ministry said on Thursday in response to the P5 statement released on January 3.
The statement in which Foreign Ministry spokesman Asim Iftikhar was quoted as saying the P5 statement was “in line with the provisions of the First Special Session on Disarmament of the UN General Assembly – with equal and undiminished security as the determining consideration “.
The P5 consists of the United States, the United Kingdom, Russia, China and France.
India and Pakistan have tested nuclear weapons, making them part of the eight countries worldwide that have publicly announced that they possess nuclear weapons of mass destruction.
The other countries are the USA, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, Israel and North Korea.
According to the leading nuclear weapons detection organization, the Federation of American Scientists, Israel has an estimated 90 nuclear weapons. However, Israel maintains a policy of ambiguity and has never officially confirmed or denied their existence.
India and Pakistan have refused to sign the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (commonly referred to as the NPT) or to ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). North Korea withdrew from the NPV in 2003.
The South Asian context
Pakistan’s Foreign Ministry spokesman reiterated a Pakistani proposal for a regional “strategic restraint regime” during the P5 speech.
“In the context of South Asia, Pakistan’s proposal for a Strategic Restriction Regime, which includes nuclear and missile restraint, conventional balance and dispute resolution, can significantly contribute to maintaining strategic stability and avoiding military conflict,” Asim said. Iftikhar said.
“It will also involve avoiding misplaced ideas of space for war in a nuclear environment,” he said, referring to India’s development of anti-satellite weapons that could be fired at objects in orbit around the earth.
“Pakistan fully agrees with the need for effective action by all nuclear powers to guard against any unauthorized or unintentional use of nuclear weapons.”
On January 7, the Indian government released a similar statement and welcomed the P5’s stance on preventing nuclear war.
“We welcome this week’s joint statement reaffirming the importance of addressing nuclear threats, with undiminished security for all, ”said Arindam Bagchi, the Indian Foreign Ministry spokesperson.
Relations between India and Pakistan have been virtually frozen since a military battle in 2019 in the disputed northern region of Kashmir brought them to the brink of another war.
India’s army has carried out airstrikes inside Pakistani territory following a suicide attack by Kashmiri rebels that killed 40 Indian security forces in Kashmir administered by India.
Pakistan responded by launching its own airstrikes on targets in Kashmir administered by India, and the fighting only ended two days later when Pakistan returned an Indian fighter pilot who was shot down during the skirmishes.