EPIC report says more than 480 million Indians endure significantly high levels of pollution.
According to a report released by a research group based in the United States, air pollution will reduce the life expectancy of about 40 percent of Indians by more than nine years.
More than 480 million people living in large parts of Central, Eastern and Northern India, including the capital New Delhi, endure significantly high levels of pollution, according to a report by the Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago (EPIC) set up.
‘Unsurprisingly, the high levels of air pollution in India have expanded geographically over time,’ according to a quote from the EPIC study in a report by the Reuters news agency on Wednesday.
Air quality, for example, has deteriorated significantly in the western state of Maharashtra and the central state of Madhya Pradesh.
In praise of India’s National Clean Air Program (NCAP), launched in 2019 to curb hazardous pollution levels, the EPIC report states that “achieving and maintaining” the NCAP targets the country’s overall life expectancy with 1.7 years and that of New Delhi residents by 3.1 will increase year.
The NCAP aims to reduce pollution by 20 to 30 percent in the 102 cities worst affected by 2024 by ensuring that industrial emissions and emissions are reduced, strict rules are put in place for the transport of fuel and the combustion of biomass. , and reducing dust pollution. It will also lead to better monitoring systems.
For the third consecutive year in 2020, New Delhi was the most polluted capital in the world, according to IQAir, a Swiss group that measures air quality levels based on the concentration of lung-damaging particles in the air, known as PM2.5.
Last year, the 20 million residents of New Delhi, which picked up the cleanest air in the summer due to the closure of the coronavirus, struggled with toxic air in the winter after a sharp increase in farm residues found in nearby states. Punjab and Haryana fire.
According to EPIC findings, neighboring Bangladesh could increase the average life expectancy by 5.4 years if the country improves air quality to the levels recommended by the World Health Organization.
To achieve the life expectancy number, EPIC compares the health of people exposed to different levels of long-term air pollution and applies the results in different places in India and elsewhere.