The scene comes Focus: A car is driving on a winding mountain road at night. Suddenly, the headlights flash, then turn black. The car stops. Moonlight is left to play our heroine, owl hut and vaguely evil music in the background.
You know things are going to go south, as TVTropes.com notes, “There are only three things that happen when you go on a road trip in a horror movie” and they all involve horror. You may be tempted to shout as soon as our heroine gets out of the car. “Don’t go to the woods! Because there is nothing better than going to the forest at night. But he certainly does. There, he finds an abandoned log cabin. The rest of the story you can write yourself.
Over time, such traps became highly predictable. Their predictability is employed at many ends. In movies, songs, and TV, storytellers use traps to make stories more understandable and relatable, and in the end to entertain us, misinformation providers use these same traps to make their arguments more understandable and relatable, and ultimately, to manipulate us. Knowing this, we may be able to keep many of us out of the jungle.
You’ve probably seen lots of trolls in online memes and stories about Kovid-1. The anti-vaccine movement has made known and interesting baseless claims based on the same conspiracy device for more than a century.
In 2012, McMaster University economist Anna Kata wrote a research paper Tracking In the online anti-vaccine dialogue, how the same tips are repeated, whatever the vaccine. For example, consider the broader claim that “vaccines are abnormal.” Then, a sub-claim: “They will turn you into a chimer.” In the 1800s, those who were vaccinated with the smallpox vaccine from cow dung heard that they would become human-cow hybrids. (They didn’t.) Today, influential people on social media are using the mRNA vaccine to “change our DNA !!!” (They are not.) Details have been changed to suit the current epidemic, but the underlying tropes were the same in 2021 as they were in 1801.
This “unnatural” trap is a basic building block in a large, misleading narrative that “vaccines are dangerous.” As a scholar at American University and the Harvard School of Public Health, including a colleague, Recently registeredThe presentation of anti-vaccine misinformation about Covid-1 is similarly consisting of known trope recycled from past vaccines. Some are conspiratorial. In the first months of an epidemic, for example, “Bioepen” Troops All the rage was that anti-vaccine preachers often make these claims because of the emergence of emerging diseases (Ebola, SARS, etc.) because of the fear that it creates. The “Disease at Bioweapon” trap was bought because it takes an unknown – the origin of the disease and provides a neat explanation with the seeds of truth: Bioepen programs exist … and we’ve all seen that movie.
These building blocks – the Troops conspiracy – make the narrative of conspiracy theories transferable to content. Prior to the epidemic, for example, the main details of the anti-vaccine movement were about all kinds of harmful vaccines, and the officially stated harm secrecy was included in the QAnon movement, which itself exploited and rearranged descriptions from the protocol. The elders of Zion, the conspiracy of Chemtrail, and the theory of the New World Order, among others. There is a reason why these traps are so easily transferable The general architecture of conspiracy theory. Those who believe in a conspiracy theory often have a reason to believe others that the same boat is divided by multiple theories: People behind the scenes It makes it easy to buy that the man is also covering the ChemTrails program. So when Jigsaw, a unit in Google Searches Threats to open society, 70 conspiracy theorists interviewed, each responsible for multiple conspiracy theories.
If you’ve seen a trope once, you’ll recognize it next time. That introduction can help short-circuit critical thinking that we usually use to evaluate a new piece of information. To complicate this problem, troupes are great for simplifying complex issues, such as the origin of the vaccine or the cause of the protest. As media literacy expert Mike Coalfield Comments, Troops flatten a scene into its essential bits, forcing us to snatch the details to a conclusion (the heroine will get out of her car!)
But the fact that these manipulative traps are so common and repetitive may also have to be eliminated. If we can guess which trope will be used to create conspiracy stories in the future, we can resist them. Instead of dealing with specific claims and verifying authenticity Reactively, If we discuss their basis instead In advance?