When we think Of Artificial intelligence, Many of us jump from science fiction to vision of the future — like hell The Matrix, Black Mirror, And Terminator. But that’s not necessarily the way things will turn out. The two leading experts in technology think that there is more reason for optimism than pessimism, although there will be obstacles along the way.
Kai-fu Li is the former head of Microsoft Research in Asia and Google in China. He is now chairman and CEO of Synovation Ventures, a venture capital firm with nearly 3 billion in assets; About 70 percent of its investment is AI-related. Lee is also the author of the 2018 book AI Super Powers And 2021 books AI 2041: Ten Perspectives for Our Future, Which he co-authored with science fiction writer Stanley Chan (Chen Cufan).
Yoky Matsuoka is a co-founder of Google X, former CTO of Google Nest and a former executive at Apple, Twitter and elsewhere. She is now the founder and CEO of Yohana, an AI-enhanced personal support service that she describes as a wellness organization that helps families prioritize wellness and well-being. Lee and Matsuoka talk to Gideon Litchfield, Global Editor-in-Chief of Ward RE: Wired conference.
Lee thinks AI can be a big help for healthcare, although he is potentially stumbling. Consider an AI program that helps 5 percent of patients, but hurts 3 percent. AI practitioners will probably see this as a good thing, because it helps more people than harm. But doctors will look at it differently, because 3 percent of people may not have been misdiagnosed by human doctors. So, the two worlds have to learn to work together. He doesn’t see it as a bad aspect, necessarily, but as a point of friction that needs to be overcome.
People think of AI as a black box, Lee said, where computers make decisions based on thousands of calculations and we don’t know what they are or why it came to its conclusion. It’s really hard for us to believe something like that. Lee is in favor of creating an AI that could explain, in human terms, perhaps the top three calculations it has made. “As a society I think we have to move away, ‘Explain the complex black box perfectly otherwise we won’t use you!'” Lee Muse. Instead, he advises AI to “explain yourself rationally and intelligently to a level and dimension that is no worse than explaining how a person makes a decision. If we change that criterion, I think it is possible.”
Matsuoka also sees great potential for AI in caring. He mentions his parents, who are aging and in poor health. As an only child, she wants to help take care of them, but also to respect their privacy and independence. She says both she and her parents will want an electronic device that will ensure they are OK every day. When they are not, with their consent, he will be able to get some data to make sure they have been alerted, and can call for a caregiver. He says he wants to create a world where censors and people can work together to make predictions and prevent bad things from happening. For example, the sensors may show that one of his parents is running differently, or something in the house is broken and this could be a tripping hazard.