MEXICO CITY – Britain and the United States have been watching for relief in the past few weeks as they began vaccinating their citizens. COVID-19 – But across Latin America, Africa and across Asia, the news has been met with a mixture of resignations and anger.
For many people in the developing world, there is still no light at the end of the tunnel.
Wealthy countries are fighting for access to long-awaited vaccines after several times saving enough doses to inoculate their populations.
“International solidarity needs to be enhanced,” Martha Delgado, a Mexican official in charge of negotiating the country’s vaccine agreements, told BuzzFeed News. Echoing concerns around the developing world, he warned that there would be no end to the global epidemic unless everyone had access to the vaccine. He wants America and other Western countries to think outside their own borders and their immediate needs. “No one will be safe until everyone is vaccinated,” he said.
Canada, for example, has already ordered at least four times the amount needed to vaccinate its 38 million citizens. The UK has secured enough to cover almost three times its population. The European Union and the United States can vaccinate almost all residents twice with the amount of vaccine they have saved. Meanwhile, almost A quarter of the world’s population BMJ, according to a medical journal, will not have access to any vaccine until at least 2022.
So far, some poor countries that have been most affected by the virus have predictions to cover only a small portion of the population. Peru, where the country’s dramatic oxygen shortages swept the desert earlier this year, and El Salvador, where more than 1 in 40 people live below the poverty line, have ordered doses for less than half of their population, the New York Times reported. Analysis.
Countries that have pre-orders but no political alliances or economic systems will have to wait longer than the big powers. Mexico, whose government says it has contracted with various pharmaceutical companies to pay 116 million of its 126 million citizens against COVID-19, has said it will not complete its operations until at least March 2022.
Delgado told the BBC that “at least in Mexico we have the means to buy the vaccine,” said Xavier Tello, a Mexico City-based health policy expert. Retweeted A post attached to the interview said, “I may have the money to buy a Tesla myself; but if someone else has already paid, I will probably have to be on the waitlist.”
Many in Mexico say the country can’t wait any longer. On paper, the country has the fourth highest number of deaths, surpassing only the United States, Brazil and India, but the official figure – 117,998 – is probably much lower than the number of casualties. At least 600,000 more “ExtraAmong them are deaths by 2020.
And healthcare workers in Mexico say they are stretched to the limit with the ongoing PPE crisis, fatigue – and grief. There are more than 2,250 doctors, nurses and paramedics DiedAccording to official figures, the population in Mexico is almost three times higher, some 1,500 healthcare workers Died in the United States.
Who got how many vaccines and when, opens an unprecedented moral argument. Will governments give priority to their own citizens? Should the first vaccine be allocated to a certain proportion of the population of each country? Should people at risk be given an initial dose worldwide before being distributed among those without comorbidGD?
Arthur Kaplan, head of the department of medical ethics at the NYU School of Medicine, said he had partially protected first-school vaccine nationalists. Countries that can afford it should first take care of their own, “something more for insurance”, if current vaccines only provide immunity for a limited amount and no booster is needed in the near future.
But when it comes to making more ethical decisions, Kaplan said that once a state has vaccinated its health care workers, older adults and people with previous conditions, it should take the same population prevention measures in other countries before vaccinating young adults and younger people. Risky population.
Kovid-19 has caused such havoc around the world that equity is not part of the decision-making process when it comes to vaccine distribution between countries.
“Rich countries are in such a bad situation that they don’t think about it,” Kaplan told BuzzFeed News.
The second option – allocating an equal number of vaccines to each country – may seem more reasonable, but it may be ineffective. Part special The World Health Organization’s ethics and COVID-19 expert group notes that giving the same amount of vaccine to Peru and Poland would not take into account that the virus has killed 11,000 more people than before (their populations are 32 million and 38 million, respectively).
This option is “not sensitive to the needs of the people,” Mastrolio said, adding that the poverty rate in Peru is ten times higher than in Poland.
Mastrolio said that if there is a silver lining, it is that in contrast to the 2009 swine flu pandemic, international organizations are trying to support equality in vaccine access this time around. One of those processes, developed by the WHO and known as COVAX, is an international pool of vaccines that will be available to poor countries. However, the project will provide less than 20% of the population in 92 lower-middle-income countries.
Unequal access to vaccines is probably not limited to countries where millions of vulnerable people have become immune to the virus. On Monday, Colombian President Ivan Duke made the announcement during an announcement Interview The country has said it has no plans to vaccinate undocumented people via Blue Radio, saying it could create a “footfall” of immigrants in Colombia. Colombia is currently home to 1.7 million Venezuelans and about 55% of them do not have citizenship. Most of them escaped an economic recession and humanitarian crisis in Venezuela.
According to Delgado, relief for millions of people may not come until the end of 2021 or later, when the vaccine-collecting countries of the surplus countries are sold or given grants to poorer states, Delgado said.
“That’s the wrong strategy,” Delgado said. When people resist “seeking their own salvation,” relief will soon come to the world.