Wed. May 25th, 2022


One thing to start: US lawmakers have asked Credit Suisse to share details on its handling of sanctions against Russian oligarchs after the bank asked investors to destroy documents about its clients’ private jets and yachts.

Private jet on the tarmac

The assets in question included private jets and yachts owned by some of the bank’s wealthiest clients © Getty Images

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Spac bankers feel the squeeze

Spac bankers have been enjoying juicy payouts ever since the blank check frenzy overtook Wall Street in 2020. Now as the market is facing a downturn, so too are the sums in bankers’ pockets.

Dealmakers, including those at beleaguered Credit Suisseare agreeing to slash their fees on Spac deals if they face high redemptions, in a sign of the desperation engulfing the once-hot market.

Blank check vehicles have sharply fallen out of favor among company executives and investors alike as a string of scandals and poorly trading Spac deals weigh on the market. Investors have been pulling their funds at a record pace, with redemptions hitting 90 per cent in February, according to Dealogic.

Column chart of Average investor redemptions for Spac merger deals (%) showing Spac investor redemptions soar

The fallout is now hitting bankers’ pockets, DD’s Nikou Asgari reports.

Bankers typically get paid 2 per cent of the IPO proceeds in upfront fees, and a further 3.5 per cent of those proceeds in deferred fees once the merger is complete. (And that’s just the underwriting earnings, before we even get to the legal and advisory payouts.)

But this month, Credit Suisse agreed to cut its fees from $ 14.5mn to $ 10mn on the merger between a Spac sponsored by New York-based venture capital firm FirstMark and broadband company Starry. (On Monday, Starry waived its minimum cash condition and gave Pipe investors a discount while Tiger Global Management injected $ 10mn at a discount too.)

All signs point to the simple fact that Spac deals are getting harder and harder to complete – and investment bankers are having to prove their worth, or earn a smaller check.

Bankers Securities, Dawson James, Ingalls & Snyder and Ladenburg Thalmann are set to earn a combined $ 5.86mn in fees, worth 3.5 per cent of the IPO proceeds, in the merger between Global Spac Partners and Gorilla Technologya Taiwanese video software company.

The banks have agreed to a pro-rata fee reduction depending on redemptions, up to a maximum 20 per cent cut. If the deal faces “maximum redemptions”, the banks still make $ 4.7mn.

New York-based Maxim Group is set to receive $ 1.84mn in fees, 4 per cent of the total IPO proceeds, once the merger closes between Agba Acquisition and TAG Holdings, a group that includes automotive and heavy equipment companies. But its bankers will face losing 2 per cent of that sum per unit redeemed by shareholders.

It shows how the focus is shifting from simply closing deals, to closing deals with the minimal amount of cash being pulled.

While bankers will not be happy about this transition, critics of the Spac gravy train will probably say scaling bankers’ fees in relation to redemption levels is long overdue.

VC declines a seat at the crypto table

Silicon Valley’s VC firms are increasingly passing on taking board seats at nascent crypto companies.

It’s the price they’re willing to pay in order to grab a slice of the fast-growing tech sector, while allowing founders to limit the involvement of outsiders.

More than 400 crypto start-ups have, in the past three years, raised Series A funds without raising a subsequent financing round, according to PitchBook analysis.

Half of those had only one or two directors on their boards, compared to at least three directors at start-ups in other sectors at the same stage.

Paradigm Capital, Sequoia Capital and Orlando Bravo‘s private equity group Thoma Bravo are among those that have poured $ 1.8bn into crypto exchange FTX in the past year. Yet none of the investors have secured a board seat at the three-year-old start-up.

Montage of Sam Bankman-Fried with company logos

Sam Bankman-Fried, chief executive of FTX © FT montage / Bloomberg

The sentiment is echoed by crypto investor and former Andreessen Horowitz partner Katie Haun who raised $ 1.5bn for two new funds last week. She does not plan to personally take a board seat at many of the companies that she backs, Haun told DD’s Miles Kruppa.

Many crypto firms have been able to grow rapidly without VC money, allowing founders to maintain tight control of the company.

Binancethe world’s largest crypto exchange, which has a $ 200mn stake in business magazine Forbesis preparing to create a board while it plots its M&A spree and forges links with Gulf states.

The result is a burgeoning crypto industry that is managing to duck the level of oversight afforded to other large private companies.

The laissez-faire attitude may help venture capitalists win competitive deals and potentially protect them from legal troubles, but it also risks creating poor governance.

“I think it’s very shortsighted,” said Rebecca Lynna general partner at Canvas Ventures. “We as investors have a fiduciary duty to our limited partners. . . and I’m not quite sure how that’s happening when you’re not on the board. ”

Generali: the chaos continues

Most people following an escalating battle for the future of Italian insurance group Generali, a billionaire power struggle that is consuming the company, can agree that the situation is a mess. The question is whose.

At the center of the dispute is a tug of war for the company.

Major shareholder Francesco Gaetano Caltagirone, a construction tycoon, and his fellow shareholder Leonardo Del Vecchiohave criticized the management team.

They are up against Generali’s largest investor Mediobancaone of Italy’s most important financial institutions, which is backing chief Philippe Donnet to continue in his post.

Claudio Costamagna, Francesco Gaetano Caltagirone, and chief executive candidate Luciano Cirinà together in a room

From left, Generali chair candidate Claudio Costamagna; shareholder Francesco Gaetano Caltagirone; and chief executive candidate Luciano Cirinà at their rival strategy presentation last week © Reuters

In a move labeled a “farce” by research firm AlphaValuethe rival leadership team proposed for Generali by Caltagirone unveiled its alternative strategy in Milan last week.

The rivals’ presentation – called “Awakening the Lion” in a nod to Generali’s nickname as the Lion of Trieste, the Italian city it calls home – promised higher earnings and more dealmaking. At the very least, they pulled its tail.

Luciano Cirinàa top manager at the insurer who had been suggested for chief executive by Caltagirone, was abruptly fired just three days later by Generali for violating his “duty of loyalty”, the FT’s Ian Smith and Silvia Sciorilli Borrelli report.

It further widens the chasm between the two camps and comes as all sides are preparing for a high-stakes vote at next month’s AGM.

Caltagirone’s site called the dismissal an “act of weakness”. Del Vecchio has yet to reveal his views on the rival plan.

Institutional investors could make the difference in a leadership vote that seems finely balanced between the activists and the board.

Some argue that investors should not stick around for the results. “This instability is not worthy of an insurance major play,” wrote AlphaValue’s Grégoire Hermann. “We would recommend investors to invest their clients’ assets elsewhere while we wait for the dust to settle.”

Job moves

  • David Lomerco-head of UK investment banking at JPMorgan Chasehas resigned to join private equity firm Intermediate Capital Group. His fellow co-head Charlie Jacobsthe former Linklaters senior partner who joined the bank last yearwill lead the team alone.

  • FedEx has named Raj Subramaniam as chief executive and president, effective from June. Frederick W Smith, current chief and founder of the shipping company, will become executive chair. Subramaniam is currently the group’s chief operating officer.

  • Rothschild & Co has hired Jaime Arrastia as a vice-chair of North American global advisory. He joins from RBC Capital Markets.

  • White & Case has hired Paul Yin as a partner in London. He joins from The damage.

  • Macquarie Capital has appointed Jens Munk as managing director in its technology, media and telecoms group and Alina Gheorghe to head of European software. Munk was previously co-chief executive of Deutsche Handelsbank and Gheorghe joins from Arma Partners.

Smart reads

Buffett seizes the moment After spending six years on the sidelines, the Sage of Omaha has made a splashy comeback. His back-to-back deals show that an investor can still find pockets of value in the US stock market as war roils Ukraine and higher inflation raises the prospect of economic slowdown, reports the FT.

Bad dealmaking wave Russian oligarchs are finding out that being an art collector is a smarter investment than owning a fancy superyacht. A rare painting can be hidden or liquidated with ease. The value of a giant floating ark starts to sink the moment it hits the water, the FT reports.

Surveillance system Nokia withdrew sales from Russia last month. Yet it left behind equipment and software used by the Kremlin to monitor dissidents and intercept phone callsthe New York Times reports.

News round-up

HSBC removes references to Ukraine ‘war’ from analyst reports (FT)

Greensill offered GAM share options as it pitched for funding (FT)

Roman Abramovich and Ukrainian peace negotiators suffer symptoms of suspected poisoning (WSJ)

UniCredit shareholders urged to vote against Orcel pay (FT)

Western companies in Abramovich-linked buildings fear paying rent on Moscow offices (FT)

Proxy adviser ISS urges vote against $ 247mn pay for Discovery chief (FT)

Private equity group TPG spots opportunities after tech rout (FT)

Former World Bank chief did not act on warnings of sexual harassment (WSJ)

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