Save for Macarena, the dance that a man can move the most is that you have to continue walking down the street and the pedestrian who is sending you. At first glance, it looks like they are crashing into you. Then they will finally find their phone, at some point you need to know who is going to go left or right. You’re both leaning to the left and realizing that won’t work, so you both give up on the right and eventually go crazy until you scream at them.
Call it the smartphone six-step. Grab your partner, do-c-do and throw them on the street.
We’ve all danced that unexpected dance, but now scientists have shown how much of a distraction a phone-confused pedestrian can cause not just for you, but for the huge crowd. Researchers at the University of Tokyo and Nagaoka University have set up “bilateral flow experiments” in which two groups of 227 people (one wearing yellow beans, the other wearing red) are walking. In each experiment, one of the groups included three people looking at a smartphone. The researchers placed these confused walks in front, in the middle, or behind the pack, while the cameras above tracked everyone’s route and speed.
In a control experiment so that no one was disturbed, the researchers observed the previously described phenomenon known as lane formation: as the two groups communicated, people arranged themselves in two or three columns. That is, it was not that one group flowed neatly on one side and the other group flowed into the other stream, forming two large lanes. If you look at it from above, the combined crowds look like a single strip of red hats, then a column of yellow hats, then another column of red hats and so on, instead of a flag stripe. The crowd then tends to follow the leaders and cut off the path from the people reaching out to the pedestrians in front of the crowd.
There are some leaders in front of each crowd and each of them is scanning the movements of their competitors driven by the other to avoid clashes. This interaction between leaders is known as mutual expectation. “If you and I are at the same time, I try to predict where you will be in the future, and you try to predict where I will be in the future,” said Claudio Felicini, a computer scientist at the University of Tokyo. Paper Describing the tests in the journal Advances in science. Basically, you are making split-second assumptions about how you will treat that person and how you should respond appropriately. “And that’s the method that makes it possible to form this kind of combined pattern,” Felicini added.
This interpersonal relationship – if you get lost in your phone – breaks down momentarily. The person coming to you is monitoring your movements and anticipating your behavior, but you are not reciprocating. You are intelligent, and that means the people behind you are following you. When you finally communicate with someone you have reached, you fall into the six-step of the smartphone, and the effects of that hesitation come back through your followers like a multicolored pileup.
Felicini and her colleagues proved this by using volunteers wearing their beanie. In experiments, phone-confused pedestrians in front of a crowd slow down everyone behind them. Confused leaders at the top of the approaching group could not discuss that subtle yet complex unrealistic conversation with their opponents. So if you look at the trajectory of how a red-hat, phone-reading person walks instead of a crowded flag-stripe lane, there’s just a mess of red-hat people all over the place. (See the mess game below) Indeed In fact, researchers have found that the erratic pedestrian rudeness will invalidate the behavior of their yellow-haired opponent, who was actually paying attention and showing skill. Others Team.
Researchers did not find the same effect when placing controversial pedestrians in the middle or back of a crowd. This is because, even after being distracted, pedestrians were able to play with the follower-leader with the person in front of them – they had a body that they could track and even pressed their faces to their phones. “People in the back are also lost when they’re confused,” Felicini says. “People in the back, if they’re confused, it’s not that important, because they can somehow follow the other.”