One of them The most notable example of the use of predictive technology is the story of Robert McDaniel, by journalist Matt Stroud. Verge in May 2021. McDaniel, a resident of Austin, a Chicago neighborhood, who witnessed the 72 homicides, 10 percent of the city, Alone in 2020. Despite McDaniel having no record of violence (he was arrested for selling pots and dice), a prophetic policing program by the Chicago Police Department determined in 2013 that he was a “person of interest” — literally. In 2011-16 CBS Crime drama of this name, “Machine,” created by the show’s protagonist, can only determine whether a person will be the victim or the perpetrator of a violent crime, but neither. Similarly, the algorithm used by the CPD indicates that McDaniel was more than 99.9 percent of Chicago’s population likely to be involved in a shooting, although it was unknown which side of the weapon he would be on.
Equipped with this “knowledge,” Chicago police officers placed McDaniel on their tactical list, later known as the “hit list,” and kept a close eye on him, even though he was not suspected of being involved in any specific crime. Since some of those surveillance was public, it suggested to others around him that he might have some kind of connection to the police – that he was probably an informant, a very damaging reputation.
Presumably, McDaniel has been shot twice since he was first identified by the CPD: first in 2017, probably partly because of the publicity generated by his appearance in a German documentary that year. Pre-crime, He hoped that would help clear his name; And more recently in 2020. He told Verge that both shots were fired due to CPD surveillance and led to suspicions that he was cooperating with law enforcement. “In McDaniel’s view,” Stroud wrote, “the heat list caused damage that its creators had hoped to avoid: it predicted a shooting that wouldn’t have happened had it not been for the shooting.”
This is true enough, but there is a deeper pattern to observe here as well. Due to past police data, the area around McDaniel and therefore the people there were identified as violent. The program then said that the future would be the same অর্থাৎ that is, not the future, but only a repetition of the past, more or less identical with it. It is not merely a self-fulfilling prophecy, although it is certainly: it is a system designed to bring the past into the future, and thus prevent the world from changing.
That program McDaniel, identified by an engineer at the Illinois Institute of Technology, appears to have been created specifically for CPD. Previously reported by Stroud. The CPD program identifies about 400 individuals who are likely to be involved in violent crime Heat list. The program began in 2012 and closed in 2019, as it was published in Year One City of Chicago official monitoring report Which has raised concerns about it, including the accuracy of its results and its policies regarding data sharing with other organizations. Custom CPD algorithms allegedly focus on individuals, and this is probably similar to the broader programs used by law enforcement and the military that the public has little knowledge of. In 2018, for example, journalist Ali Winston Verge reported that the surveillance agency Palanti, founded by Peter Thiel, Similar technologies have been secretly tested in New Orleans since 2012 Without informing many city officials.