The United States has accused China of committing “genocide and crimes against humanity” against Uyghurs in a report on human rights concerns in countries ranging from Saudi Arabia to Myanmar.
The State Department’s 2020 human rights report described China as an “authoritarian state” with more than 1 million people detained. Uyghurs In Xinjiang and involved in rape, disinfection and forced abortion in the womb up to torture and forced labor.
Anthony Blinken, Secretary of State, has previously called the repression of Muslim Uighurs a “genocide,” but for the first time in the language of the report, the Biden administration has made an official announcement.
The report comes a week after it merged with the United States, the European Union, the United Kingdom and Canada Prohibitions The situation in Xinjiang has attracted increasing attention from Chinese officials, who are preparing for the 2022 Winter Olympics in Beijing. China retaliated last week Sanctions imposed For citizens of the EU and three countries.
China has denied and made widespread allegations about its treatment of Xinjiang’s Uyghurs and other minorities. Encouraged boycott H&M has taken a stand against foreign companies.
As tensions between Washington and Beijing continued in the report, President Joe Biden took a much tougher stance on China than many experts expected. U.S. and Chinese officials are involved Great public spot At their first meeting since Biden took office two weeks ago.
The State Department has also reprimanded China over the situation in Hong Kong since the decision was made earlier this year National Security Act In the region.
It said a number of security-related organizations created after the law was passed had been brutally tortured by police Pro-democracy protesters, Arbitrary arrests and a widespread crackdown on the media, the internet and free speech.
Not mentioned in the report Coup in MyanmarThat happened earlier this year, but the United States has noticed “extreme repression and discrimination” against the Rohingya minority in Myanmar, in addition to torture and sexual violence by security forces in the Rakhine state.
The State Department said that despite the presence of thousands of displaced people, there was widespread corruption in the police and judiciary, and little cooperation between state authorities and humanitarian agencies, such as the United Nations.
As for Saudi Arabia, it cites reports that Riyadh or its agents carried out extrajudicial killings, including attempted assassination of Saad al-Jabri, a former high-ranking Saudi intelligence officer based in Canada.
The report further states that the Saudi government on the occasion did not punish the people most for human rights violations and created an “environment of impunity”.
Five government agents have been charged with murder Jamal Khashoggi In 2018, the Saudi consulate in Istanbul reduced their sentences to a maximum of 20 years in prison.
The State Department report also cites Venezuela, where the United States has refused to recognize Nicolas Maduro as the country’s legitimate leader since early 2019.
While extrajudicial killings and torture continue, the report says, Maduro puts more pressure on the regime and freedom of the press and more regularly to shut down “blocked” signals or privately owned television or radio outlets. The State Department also said it was “basically a criminal” of freedom of speech.