The United States will join the international talks on the Iran nuclear deal next week in the biggest effort to salvage the landmark deal since Donald Trump abandoned it nearly three years ago.
A senior European Union official said President Joe Biden had said he would try to “revive” the talks in Vienna after Washington agreed to rejoin if Tehran agreed.
While no direct talks are expected between officials in Washington and Tehran, the presence of both countries at the same meeting will be an important step. The talks are expected to focus on how to achieve simultaneous action by the United States and Iran in order to resume compliance with the limits imposed on the nuclear program through the Tehran agreement, as well as lifting Trump-era sanctions, diplomats said.
“There is a single exercise on how to revive the GCPOA,” the EU official said, referring to the official name of the nuclear deal, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. “The idea is that the GCPOA will return to the United States on condition that Iran resumes full compliance with the agreement.”
The Vienna talks were announced after a meeting of the remaining signatories to the agreement – the European Union, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Russia, China and Iran. The 2015 agreement imposed controls on Iran’s nuclear program in exchange for lifting many international sanctions.
Next week’s talks will focus entirely on restoring the original agreement and will not include such a role in Iran’s ballistic missile program or other conflicts in the Middle East, which both the United States and European powers want to deal with in the end. But renegotiating the so-called narrow-minded deal has been challenging and proving complicated by the toughest domestic pressure on both Biden and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani. Iran will also hold presidential elections in June.
Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif stressed the challenges, saying he thought the United States should take action first before returning to Iran’s consent.
The goal of the Vienna talks was to “take swift action on sanctions and finalize the nuclear deal to remove all sanctions, then Iran has stopped the remedial measures,” Zarif wrote on Twitter. “There is no Iran-US meeting. Unnecessary, ”he added.
Diplomats say it is not uncommon for the party to hold indirect or “conjecture” talks, such as the Dayton Accords, which ended the 1992-2005 Bosnian war.
Iran told European officials at a meeting in Frankfurt this week that it wanted to agree on a road map to bring the two sides back to full agreement on the deal, three people briefed on the issue. This opens up the possibility of a more comprehensive approach than the previous proposals for the “gesture for gesture” approach, under which both the United States and Iran would offer direct concrete concessions.
“America is involved [the idea of] Indications from Iran’s advice, “a US official told the Financial Times. “They [Iran] Now we want to talk about full compliance – which is in line with our core position. “
Although the United States was open to direct talks, Tehran indicated that it would rather negotiate indirectly through the Europeans, informing the public. Experts in the United States have presented a significant but not inaccessible one
“The positive thing is that once you get the road map, at least there will be no confusion about what the final look will be on both sides,” said Ali Vaiz, Iran director of the International Crisis Group.
He added, however, that “it must be strict and rigorous to negotiate for a full street map”.