The White House is considering a 50% or more reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by the end of the decade, according to people familiar with the talks, a goal that will almost double the country’s previous commitments and require dramatic changes in energy, transportation and other sectors.
The emission-reduction goal, which is still evolving and subject to change, is part of the White House to encourage global action to move from a pre-industrial level to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit), according to people. President Joe Biden’s administration is expected to unveil the target before a climate summit later this month.
Among the targets of the negotiations for the US commitment is a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from 48% to 50% by 2030 to 2003, said a person familiar with the negotiations. Another said the administration was even considering a 53 percent reduction at the urging of environmentalists. Both said not to identify to describe personal contact.
The White House declined to comment on the exact number, but an official said the administration plans a “full-government” approach to goal-setting, with agencies considering opportunities across the federal government on standard-setting, clean energy investment and stable infrastructure. Plans.
By comparison, under former President Barack Obama, the United States has promised to reduce global warming emissions from 2% in 2005 to 22% below the 2005 level. The signatories to the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement have promised to restructure Scotland in November and reduce it by 2030.
After former President Donald Trump pulled out of the Paris Agreement and broke the country’s domestic policy on cutting emissions, the administration is turning to aggressive targets as countries try to reconcile with vigilantes.
“Countries around the world are trying to see what the United States will do with it, and it will come up with something that is ambitious and credible,” said David Wasco, director of the International Climate Initiative at the World Resources Institute. They are trying to see if they can and will pass a certain political moment in time. “
Cutting off half the U.S. greenhouse gas emissions requires comprehensive measures to control global warming pollution from power plants, automobiles, oil wells and agriculture.
The United States currently receives about 40% of its electricity from nuclear and renewable sources, but by 2030 the country will have to double its carbon-free electricity to meet its new goal of preventing enough emissions, according to Amanda Levine, a policy analyst at the Natural Resources Defense Council.
In order to improve efficiency and reduce energy waste at all levels, the United States also needs to aggressively drive a large part of the economy in electricity, especially cars. These efforts will be slower than the transformation of the original, but already well-run power sector.
Environmentalists are lobbying the White House to release the 40-year-old methane, to include a clear promise to release a short-lived but particularly powerful greenhouse gas.
Sarah Smith of the Clean Air Task Force said finding and fixing methane leaks in oil and gas facilities alone could reduce emissions equivalent to taking 140 million gasoline-powered vehicles off American roads.
The United States is on track to meet Obama-era targets, removing 14% of emissions below the 2003 level in 2015, according to official data. 23.7% decline compared to 2020 – The decline was more severe in 2020, but epidemiological quarantines decreased dramatically in air and road travel.
When the Paris Climate Agreement was signed, the countries tried to keep global warming below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) and were committed. But researchers now believe a 1.5-degree cap is needed to avoid the most devastating consequences of climate change.
“We’re working to keep the combined goal of 1.5 degrees warming in the test on the table, to keep it alive,” he told a conference on climate justice in the United States on Thursday.
A strong goal will help strengthen U.S. commitment to the fight against climate change and encourage drastic action by other nations, said the director of climate and energy policy at the Union of Concerted Scientists.
“The U.S. has a lot of space, so the first order of business is to put a strong number on the table that can help catalyze higher ambitions,” Kleitas said.
The major environmental groups have gathered behind a 50% emission reduction. The number hits the sweet spot, being both ambitious and achievable, said Mark Bronstein, senior vice president of fuel at the Environmental Protection Fund, which set a 50% target for it in a two-page report provided to the administration last month.
“Coming up with a lobbying number just because you know that you can achieve it if it doesn’t meet the urgency of the moment is not leadership, but pushing yourself to meet the urgency of the moment with a bunch of convincing promises that no one believes you will ever achieve. Going to do that, doesn’t even fill that moment, ”Bronstein said.
Environmental activists and analysts have released a comprehensive report in recent months on how a mixed mix of regulations, clean energy incentives and voluntary measures could help halve U.S. emissions by 2030.
The Beadon administration is expected to release the figure ahead of a climate conference hosted by the White House on April 22-23. The White House has invited leaders from 40 countries, including some of the largest polluters and smaller, less wealthy countries that are particularly at risk as a result of a warm planet change.
“The whole environmental community is behind 50%,” Levine told the Natural Resources Defense Council. “If this is a range, we want the lower edge to start at 50%.”
However, the United States and the European Union have lagged behind by 50%, with emissions falling by 8% and 55% from 1990 levels, respectively, by 1990.
Given the country’s long-standing position as the world’s top emitter of greenhouse gases, some leaders have argued that the United States needs to do the same. For its fair share in global efforts, its own emissions to the United States should be cut by at least 0% and coupled with millions of dollars of climate money, the team recommended Friday by Friends of the Earth, ActionAid USA and others.
Gustavo de Vivero, a climate policy analyst at the New Climate Institute, which is part of the Climate Action Tracker, said halving U.S. emissions would not be enough to keep global warming at 1.5 degrees. .
To achieve this, U.S. emissions would have to be reduced by 57% to 63%, the German group said last month. “If 50% is a high level of ambition, that’s not enough,” de Vivarro said.
(Updated with Kerry’s comments in paragraph 15 and new proposals for environmental groups in paragraph 4 below))
-Assisted by Jessica Shankleman and Jennifer Epstein.