Mon. Dec 6th, 2021

“It’s a complex mix of chemistry, biology and physics,” said Grapp Dean, a Scripps oceanographer and co-lead investigator at Soares. “It’s one of the last things we’ve discovered, 15 years ago. And what happens there affects the clouds, the snow, the weather, the climate. We There is Per Understand the role it plays in those boundaries and in the climate. ”

Suarez gives oceanographers unprecedented control over this variable. So far, scientists have been able to estimate complex computer climate models, say, how CO can increase2 Layers can change the chemistry of surface water. These models are useful, but their resolution is thick. Due to limited computing capacity, the models split the ocean in pixels on a scale of ten to hundreds of kilometers. If scientists try to work on a centimeter scale, they will wait for results for a very long time. With the help of Soares, oceanographers can carry snake instruments through the walls of tanks and take CO2 Measurement on a very fine scale.

Illustration: Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Another option for scientists is going on a research ship কিন্তু but it could cost them more than $ 20,000 a day to use a boat, where the Swars would cost $ 1,500 to $ 2,000 a day. Stokes and Dean think that, depending on the nature of the research, investigators may need the machine for days to months. The simulator will be open to scrips or any other researcher.

In a relatively short, general test, wind speed and wave size can measure how the number of aerosols flying off the surface of the water is affected. Or one might want to know how the “albedo” of the ocean changes, which means how much energy the sun reflects. As the simulated sea becomes rougher, the white caps will return much behind the sunlight, while the calm, darker waters will absorb more of it and become warmer.

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A longer and more complex experiment involves cultivating germs and plankton – small plants and animals that float at the mercy of currents – and playing with water and air temperatures to see how they react. Or a researcher can flute with atmospheric CO2 Concentration, which is currently around 420 parts per million On earth. “One of the first things we do is pump in CO.”2 Up to 600 ppm and see what it does for the organism, ”Dean said.

What do all these tests have in common? Control. Oceanographers have real oceans like that and can study at the moment. With Soars, they will be able to move faster in a world with high temperatures and COs2 “We can turn these knobs and predict very well what the future systems will look like,” says Level Stokes.

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