Soldiers held a mutiny in parts of the country on Sunday while Burkina Faso has been plagued by unrest and armed violence since 2014.
Burkina Faso’s government has rejected reports of a coup following mutiny at various army barracks.
Frustration in the West African country has grown in recent months over deteriorating security.
Burkina Faso has suffered outbreaks of unrest and armed violence since 2014 when President Blaise Compaore was ousted from power.
Here’s a timeline of events leading up to Sunday’s events:
Fall of Compaore
Compaore took power in a 1987 coup and four years later reaffirmed its position by winning the first of four election victories. But his 2010 triumph was disputed, as was his attempt to amend the constitution and extend his rule.
In essence may be forced out through street protests in 2014 he took refuge in Ivory Coast and on 29 November 2015 the former Prime Minister and President of the National Assembly was Roch Marc Christian Kabore elected his successor.
From 2015, the north of the country, the capital Ouagadougou and the east began to suffer frequent kidnappings and attacks by armed groups affiliated with al-Qaeda or ISIL (ISIS).
On January 15, 2016, an attack on Splendid Hotel and a restaurant in Ouagadougou 30 people killed, most of them Westerners. The first attack of that scale in the country was a great shock.
In November 2017, the French-backed G5 force launched joint cross-border operations in Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger.
Attacks intensified, Kabore re-elected
On March 2, 2018, simultaneous attacks targeted French forces and the former colonial power’s embassy, killing eight soldiers and injuring 85 people.
At the end of that year, a state of emergency was declared in several provinces.
From 2019, the attacks became almost a daily affair, leading to the dismissal of the head of the armed forces and the formation of a new government.
On December 24, 42 people were killed in an attack by about 200 fighters at a military base in Arbinda, near the border with Mali.
Kabore was re-elected on November 22, 2020, but continued uncertainty meant that hundreds of thousands of people could not vote.
The opposition accused Kabore of election fraud and refused to acknowledge the outcome.
Growing civil unrest
Between 132 and 160 people were killed in an attack in June 2021 on the northeastern village of Solhan in the worst attack in six years.
The killings sparked protests against insecurity and the ministers of defense and security were fired.
On August 18, an attack in the north killed 65 civilians and 15 policemen.
In October, the president replaced the military chief.
The trial also began with the murder of former president 34 years earlier Thomas Sankara. Compaore, the main accused, was not present.
On November 14, at least 57 people, 53 of them gendarmes, were killed in an assault on a police station at Inata in the north, which led to further protests.
Burkinabe and Niger’s military said they had eliminated nearly 100 “terrorists” during an operation on their common border between November 25 and December 9.
New government but peace elusive
On December 8, 2021, Christophe Dabire resigned as Prime Minister and handed over the reins to Lassina Zerbo, who demanded national unity.
On December 23, 41 people were killed in another armed attack in the north.
The past month has seen a further spate of attacks and rumble of dissatisfaction in the ranks of the armed forces that reflect those in the wider population.
On Saturday, police in Ouagadougou Clashes with protesters at a banned protest over the government’s handling of the armed threat.
On Sunday, soldiers at several army barracks carried out an uprising, but the government denied that a coup was underway.