Sat. May 28th, 2022

Ukraine has been on the brink of collapse for almost two months, with Russian troops gather on its border.

Russia insists the troops are only there to defend the country against NATO’s extensive presence in the region, but Western intelligence officials argue that Moscow’s military build – up could indicate the beginning of a ground invasion.

Moscow has been dissatisfied since a protest movement overthrew a pro-Russian government in 2014.

Although Russia insists it has no military designs, it also says talks that are decaling the situation will have to involve NATO pledges Ukraine does not join too late and to keep forces from Eastern Europe.

Al Jazeera looks at how world powers have responded to the rapidly evolving crisis:

United States

President Joe Biden has said he will consider personally imposing economic sanctions Vladimir Putin target if the Russian president orders a new attack on Ukraine.

Despite the warning of sanctions, the US leader said he had “no intention” to send troops to Ukraine.

There is also an issue of energy supplies, as Russia owns the world’s largest natural gas reserves.

Senior Biden administration officials said the US was in talks with major energy-producing countries and companies around the world over a possible diversion of supplies to Europe if Russia invaded Ukraine.

European Union

European Council President Charles Michel on Wednesday expressed solidarity with Ukraine, saying: “A threat to Ukraine is a threat to Europe.”

Charles Michel, President of the European CouncilCharles Michel, President of the European Council [File: Francisco Seco/Pool/AP Photo]

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom has denounced Russia’s military build – up near its border with Ukraine.

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson on Tuesday said the UK would not hesitate to impose sanctions on Russia should it choose to invade Ukraine.

“We in the UK will not hesitate to step up our national sanctions against Russia in response to any president. [Vladimir] Putin can do and the House [of Commons] will hear more about this soon, ”Johnson told parliament.

Johnson said Britain would try to contribute to any new NATO deployment to protect its allies in Europe if Russia invaded Ukraine.

If Putin’s goal was to keep NATO forces away from Russia’s borders, then “the invasion of Ukraine could hardly be more counterproductive,” he said.

France

French President Emmanuel Macron has said Russia will pay a heavy price if it chooses to attack Ukraine, even if it welcomes dialogue with Moscow.

He also expressed his country’s readiness to deploy troops to Romania to serve under NATO command, a move welcomed by Bucharest.

Germany

Germany has spoken its support for Ukraine throughout the crisis, but unlike other NATO members announced that it would not supply weapons to Kiev.

In February, a full field hospital will be handed over, including the necessary training, all co-financed by Germany in the amount of 5.3 million euros [$6m]”The German Minister of Defense, Christine Lambrecht, recently told reporters.

“Weapon deliveries will not be useful at the moment – that is the consensus in the federal government,” she said.

Meanwhile, Vice Admiral Kay-Achim Schoenbach, the head of the German navy, resigned earlier in January after coming under fire at home and abroad for saying that Ukraine would never invade the Crimean peninsula, which was invaded by Russia in 2014. annexed will not recover.

The Nord Stream 2 project, a Russian – owned pipeline stretching from Siberia to Germany, has hampered Berlin’s position. Read more about it here.

Ukrainian soldiers walk along the dividing line of pro-Russian rebels near Katerinivka, in Ukraine's Donetsk regionUkrainian soldiers walk along the dividing line of pro-Russian rebels near Katerinivka, Donetsk region, Ukraine [File: Andriy Dubchak/AP Photo]

Finland

Finland, which is not a member of NATO and has a long border and a difficult history with Russia, has improved its military readiness in light of Russia’s military build-up.

Colonel Petteri Kajanmaa, head of the warfare department at the Finnish National Defense University, speaking on behalf of the armed forces, said instability in the Baltic region stems from Russia’s unpredictability.

“They [the Russians] “they have clearly stated their goals, but we do not know what actions they are ready to take,” he said recently.

Belarus

Belarus, a close ally of Putin, shares a border with both Russia and Ukraine.

President Alexander Lukashenko is strengthening his military forces on the border with Ukraine and will soon hold joint exercises with Russia.

“I was forced [to] do it because the situation on the border with Ukraine is not better than it is on the border with Poland, “he said, referring to the recent migratory crisis.

Lukashenko said the joint maneuvers with Russia would be carried out on Belarus’s western border and in the country’s south, where it borders Ukraine.

Washington has warned Minsk that its government will face retaliation if it helps Russia invade Ukraine.

Italy

Italy’s defense minister said his country would meet its NATO commitments in the Ukraine crisis, while underlining the need for a peaceful solution.

Italy’s defense ministry said on Wednesday it was committed to maintaining dialogue with Moscow, urging talks to seek a peaceful solution.

At the same time, President Putin held a video call with Italian business leaders, focusing on strengthening economic ties.

Croatia

Croatia sent mixed signals.

President Zoran Milanovic said on Tuesday that Croatia would withdraw from Ukraine should “one of the most corrupt countries in the world” come into conflict with Russia.

“It’s all happening in Russia’s front room,” the president said, adding that an agreement must be reached “that takes into account Russia’s security needs.”

The eruption prompted Croatian Prime Minister Andrej Plenkovic to issue a rebuttal later Tuesday, according to the Hina news agency.

“I want to apologize to Ukraine in the name of the Croatian government,” he said, noting that in 1991, Ukraine was one of the first countries to recognize the Croatian state as it arose from the break-up of Yugoslavia.

Ukrainian serviceman clears a weapon at the positions on a front line near Avdiivka villageUkrainian conscripts clean a weapon at the positions on a front line near the village of Avdiivka, not far from Donetsk, which is controlled by pro-Russian fighters. [Stanislav Kozliuk/EPA]

Japan

Japan has announced that it will work closely with the US in the event of Russia invading Ukraine.

The conversation with the US about what would happen in the event of an invasion during a teleconferencing summit last week, a Japanese government spokesman said.

Romania

President Klaus Iohannis said Romania was in talks with the US and France on how to improve their troop count in its country, which he said was ready to offer a larger NATO military presence.

“I have consistently said we are ready to house a greater Allied presence in our area,” Iohannis said.

“The current crisis proves once again that … the consolidation of allied presence on the eastern flank, including in our country, is very important,” he said.

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