The UN resolution called on Libya’s new unity government to prepare for free and fair elections on December 24.
The UN Security Council has given the green light to the deployment of UN ceasefire ceasefires in Libya and called on the country’s new unity government to be ready for free, fair and inclusive elections on December 24.
A ceasefire has been in place in Libya since October, but the main road from Sirte to Misrat is closed. On Friday, the Security Council unanimously approved the deployment of Security-General Antonio Guterres’ monitor.
“Monitors will be deployed to Sirte after meeting all requirements for a permanent UN presence, including security, logistical, medical and operational aspects,” Guterres wrote to the April Council.
“In the meantime, the frontline presence in Tripoli will be established with the approval of the conditions,” he said.
Libya’s unity government was sworn in on March 15 by two anti-war administrations that ruled the east and west after a smooth transition of power after a decade of violent chaos.
In a resolution adopted on Friday, the Security Council called for “full, equal and meaningful participation of women and inclusion of youth in elections.”
Libya was plunged into chaos in 2011 after NATO-backed leader Muammar Gaddafi was ousted. The country split in 2014 between the internationally recognized National Reconciliation Government (GNA) in the West and the East-based forces of Reconstruction Commander Khalifa Haftar.
Haftar is backed by the United Arab Emirates, Egypt and Russia, among others GNA supported by Turkey.
The two camps, backed by two foreign camps, fought for more than a year after Haftar was forced to retreat.
In October they Agreed to a ceasefire, Introduced a UN-led process that established a new interim government in February.
The resolution, passed in New York on Friday, called for the creation of a 60-member ceasefire monitoring unit within the UN mission in Libya, called the UNSMIL.
This is different from the anti-war monitoring system that the warring parties are working to create themselves.
The Security Council requested that in addition to the International Atomic Energy Agency’s ongoing inspections in Libya, that it monitor Libya’s compliance with “the steps required by the IAEA Board”.
Russia Wagner’s tenantHaftar has been sent to Libya to support him and has been accused of trapping civilians in deadly booby traps while leaving Tripoli last year, bound in Sirte and other parts of the country.
Russian President Vladimir Putin said last year that if there were Russians in Libya, they would not be representing or paying for his government.
The presence of Turkish troops and mercenaries from Russia, Syria, Chad and Sudan in Libya remains a “major concern”, according to UN spokesman Stephen Dujarric.
But in favor of the unarmed UN observer mission, “the focus will be on the ceasefire,” he said.