The ICC has accused Israel of war crimes in the United States and in the Palestinian territories in Afghanistan.
The United States on Friday lifted former President Donald Trump’s ban on officials from the International Criminal Court investigating US and Israeli war crimes in Afghanistan and Palestine.
President Joe Biden’s executive action has reversed one of the former administration’s offensive moves to target international organizations, although Biden administration officials say the United States still objects to US ICC jurisdiction.
“However, we believe that our concerns about these cases will be” better addressed “through diplomacy rather than sanctions,” Secretary of State Anthony Blinken said in a statement.
The ICC is a permanent body in The Hague, established in 2002 to prosecute international claims of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. America is not a country with a total of 120 members of the court.
“Our support for the rule of law, access to justice, and accountability for mass atrocities are important US national security interests that are protected and developed by engaging with the rest of the world to address the challenges of today and tomorrow,” Blinken said.
Trump was the White House Economic and travel restrictions imposed The ICC’s investigation into the abuse of Afghanistan against court officials in June 2020 called it “an attack on the rights of the American people and a threat to our national sovereignty.”
Trump’s sanctions targeted ICC Chief Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda and the court’s chief justice, Fakiso Mochochoko, for leading US and Israeli investigations.
A spokesman for the ICC said on Friday that the courts and the governing bodies of the member states had welcomed the move.
Rights groups have praised Biden for throwing out Trump’s sanctions – Amnesty International has called them “acts of vandalism” against international justice – but have called on Biden to go further, support the court’s work and be a member of the United States.
Former US President Bill Clinton reacted deeply to the ICC when he had limited cooperation with former President Barack Obama.
Israel is not a member of the ICC and, including the United States, opposed the Palestinians’ access to court in 2015 because it is not a state.
The ICC has jurisdiction over the situation in the occupied Palestinian territories in February. The way is open for the ICC to investigate Allegations of war crimes committed during the 2014 Israeli-Palestinian conflict in the Gaza Strip, which is surrounded by both the Israeli army and Palestinian armed groups.