Iran and the major world powers are still part of the 2015 nuclear deal, intensifying efforts to bring the United States back to a landmark deal, while official talks have begun in Vienna, Austria.
Talks are underway between representatives of Iran, China, Russia, Germany, France and the United Kingdom at the city’s Imperial and Grand Hotels.
For the first time since US President Donald Trump unilaterally abandoned the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (GCPOA) in May 2013, the United States is trying to preserve the agreement in the same city.
However, a US delegation led by Special Envoy to Iran Robert Malley is not in the same room where the JCPOA Joint Commission is meeting, as Iran has said it will not discuss directly with the United States until all the strict sanctions imposed by Trump are enforced. President Joe Biden has been picked up.
Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has said that Iran will immediately restore the country’s advanced centrifuge deployment after enriching uranium and lifting US sanctions on the country, but there is no “hurry” because they are also trying to ban the sanctions. Local production.
The sanctions are part of an Iranian delegation in Vienna, led by Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Aragachi, comprising representatives from the country’s central bank, the Ministry of Petroleum and the Atomic Energy Organization.
According to Iran’s foreign ministry, the Vienna talks include “technical discussions in the form of expert meetings” to determine how to lift US sanctions and how Iran can return to full compliance with the agreement.
There is a complexity of the negotiations, which could be extended if the negotiators make progress, as the nearly 1,000 U.S. sanctions levels have identified a number of Iranian individuals and entities as multiple designated individuals – including “terrorism” and human rights abuses.
Moreover, Iran has said that under no circumstances will it adopt a “step-by-step plan” and only expects the United States to take “final steps” to lift all sanctions.
The Iranian delegation arrived in Vienna on Monday evening, and held bilateral talks with the opposition from China. There have been further bilateral talks with the Russian representative and the European signatories to the GCPOA.
On Tuesday, Ali Rabei, a spokesman for the Iranian government, welcomed the recent remarks by US Ambassador Molly that Iran would have to live up to its promises under the JCPOA in the form of lifting sanctions.
“I cannot discuss in more detail but we look forward to implementing this constructive position and hope that at the end of the ongoing negotiations in Vienna we can seriously and honestly represent the implementation of the promise,” he told a news conference in Tehran.
Molly’s remarks have also angered senior Israeli officials, who have strongly opposed the nuclear deal and any deal with Iran, calling the remarks “extremely worrying.”
Meanwhile, conservatives and hardliners in Tehran, who have opposed the deal and encouraged it ahead of the June presidential election – where moderate President Hassan Rouhani will not be able to stand again – have continued their rhetoric about a role in the talks.
At least two lawmakers say Iran needs at least two months to verify the lifting of sanctions.
“If they have reasonable demand, such as 3.677 percent [uranium] Enrichment ceiling, we should have specific conditions, “Tehran correspondent Ehsan Khanduji tweeted.
He described the situation as 2.3 million barrels of oil per day in exports, the release of billions of dollars of Iranian money stashed abroad and এবং 4 billion in international transactions per month.
On Sunday, a number of lawmakers signed a public statement saying that any agreement with the United States on lifting sanctions must be approved by parliament.